Manataka American Indian Council                          Volume VI  Issue 7  July, 2004


CONTENTS:                  Origin of Tobacco and Corn     
Upcoming Events                 Strange Turkey Catches People      
The Wooden Bowl                Big Difference in Butter
Vanished Tribe Found         When We Vote, They Listen         
Why Women Cry                    13 Rules to Live By
Robert Redford's Message Healing Prayer Basket 
Web Site Updates                  Road To Forgiveness                    
The Big Kettle                         Letters To The Editor 
                                                    Feds End Wolf Protection   Ancestors of Manataka
                                                    The Weight of It                        Speak Cherokee Now!


August 28-29, 2004


Meeker, Oklahoma

Future site of the "Gathering of the Eagles Retreat & Wellness Center"

An offering of $52 per person or trade item requested.

Bring food, beverages (no alcohol).  Plates and utensils furnished.

Camping $10 per night.  Motels 12 miles away in Shawnee, OK.   

Learn about the Rainbow Medicine Wheel. 
Hear "Messages from the Angels" by Cyndy Green
Warron Big Speak teaches "Following the Red Path in a White World"
Contact:    Debra  970-946-2270   
Directions: East of Oklahoma City off I-40 at exit 188. Shawnee to the South & Meeker 12 miles to the North. 

Native Circle Circle Studios Presents
Mending Medicine Conference
At Inn of the Ozarks
in Eureka Springs, Arkansas
September 24, 25 & 26, 2004

Conference Information
Joseph Marshall III

This award winning Lakota author and screenwriter will present lessons for life highlighted in his most recent NAMMY winning
book, The Lakota Way - Stories and Lessons for Living.  The life teachings Joseph shares are ancient Lakota values which offer an insight into wisdom that could very well save humanity.

John Two-Hawks

Regarded as one of the top Native flutists in the world, this NAMMY nominated Lakota artist will perform a concert on Friday night, and will also speak on how to find peace, balance and healing through ancient Indigenous wisdom.  Two-Hawks is also highly sought after as a teacher, speaker and healer.


Other Featured Guests & Speakers
Rod Jackson, MS, RM
A Healer in the Cherokee Tradition Dr. Jim Fain, PhD
Holistic Healer, Teacher, Visionary
Sam Kirk
Natural & Wellness Foods and the Healing Arts
Lynn Packman Larson
Yoga for health and well being
VENDOR BOOTHS AVAILABLE!  call toll free:  866-444-0940

The Mending Medicine Conference will begin on Friday, Sept 24th at noon and will conclude on Sunday, Sept 26th at noon.  The conference will consist of several breakout classroom sessions, an inspirational keynote gathering, and a healing concert.  In addition, we will have hands on healing sessions, yoga, vegetarian cooking, music therapy and many other events.  Don't miss the great Saturday night banquet with fabulous food and world class entertainment.  Vendors will be on hand as well to share everything from music and books to wonderful foods and recipes.  Open your mind, open your heart,
and open your spirit.  A tremendous weekend of beauty!

A deposit of $50.00 must accompany your Registration Form
For more info call 866-444-0940


Big Pine, California


 Revitalization of Paiute traditional cultural knowledge

Focus on Youth.  Connecting Elders with our Children.


Send questions and donations to:

Eastern Sierra Institute for Collaborative Education
Elders Gathering
P.O. Box 454
Bishop, CA 93515
Qwina West, Paiute Nation
Irma “Yoti” Nieves  (818) 970-0501


Notes and Thanks:
The recent Summer Gathering at Manataka brought many blessings to the people.  It was a wonderful uplifting experience of as the Spirits soared on the sacred mountain and entered our hearts to the beat of the buffalo drums.  We have recieved many reports of visions, healings and blessings of spirit as the songs, ceremonies and special messages touched our hearts and gave us strength!  Wow!
People really enjoyed the music concerts by Tassel and Cherokee By Blood Band and Faye Marie. 
Spiritual leaders Robert Woableza LaBatte (Lakota) and Warron Big Eagle (Cheyenne) moved us deeply as they gave words of guidance and love.  Harold Gould and the entire Saginaw Chippewa Warrior Society Color Guard were inspiring and honorably represented their people with precision and brought tears to the eyes of many. 
It is impossible to list all the wonderful people who contributed to the event, but the following are  singled out for special thanks because of their unselfish giving and wonderful spirits.
    Bob Digadoli Tsalagi Swindell - Ceremonies           
    Doc Davidson and the Bear Clan Society
    Garl White Horse Neel - Registration Tables               
    Cuchi Davila - Ceremonies
    Hurvie Long Legs Chisum - Fire Keeper and Mountain Spirit Giver
    David Quiet Wind - Public Relations and Mountain Spirit Giver
    Michael Burton - Mountain Spirit Giver
    Kathy Remsen and Ernie Zook - Sound Keepers
    Martin Pale Horse Hill and Shawna Utzler - Wedding Mount
    Garth Hill, Jim BlueSkyWaters Ewing and Aurora Adney - Wisdom Givers
    Rick Porea - Gourd Dance Society
    Becky Flaming Owl Moore - Women's Council
    John Three Eagles Walden - Welcoming Committee
    Joe Quiet Wolf Whitfield - Trade Blanket
    David Stone Hopper Avery - Lodge Keeper
We give special thanks to all the wonderful ladies of the Manataka Women's Council who worked     hard on the potluck picnic (it was great), youth activities, guest registration and in so many other   areas.   And to everyone who worked on a committee, contributed time and resources - on behalf     of the Elder Council and membership, we say blessings and thank you from our hearts!
 Certificates of Appreciation will also go out to Alliance Rubber Company, Ready Ice Company,
 and Cutter Morning Star School District.

    NOTICE 1:    REGALIA - All Elders are requested to wear their red ribbon shirts or other regalia     for the next  Elder Council meeting on Sunday, August 8 at Gulpha Gorge (unless the location is        changed).  Artist Tammy Timerlake will be there to take pictures to be used for oil paintings.
    NOTICE 2:    CHAIR POSITIONS - for the following committees are now open:   Lodge                     Keepers, Youth Activities, Programs, Fund Raising, and Counseling.  Some committees require     local attendance and special training or experience.   For consideration submit your name to any     Elder.
    NOTICE 3: COMMITTEE ASSIGNMENTS -  New members and old members who are not             currently working on a committee or have a committee assignment, please contact us now.          
    Committee explanations can be viewed at  We need your
    top three preferences.
    NOTICE 4:  TREASURER APPOINTED -  Dona Lady Bird Burton was appointed MAIC              
    Treasurer during the July Elder Council meeting and will assume duties immediately.   We            
    welcome LadyBird and wish her great success in this position.
    NOTICE 5: INDIAN WEDDING -  Elders, members and guests are invited to attend an Indian         wedding ceremony in Mount Ida, Arkansas on Saturday, August 14.  Check with Bear for the
    exact location.  Warron Big Eagle will officiate.
    NOTICE 6:  SWEAT LODGES - There are currently three lodges local to Manataka officiated    
    by Cuchi Davila, David Quiet Wind and Rocky Miller.   Check with these leaders if you wish to
    NOTICE 7: WOMEN’S COUNCIL MEETINGS - 11:30 a.m., 1st Saturday each month, location     to be announced.   Contact: Judy White Feather   (501) 922-4468
    NOTICE 8:    MANATAKA MESSAGE BOARD - is now open for business - check it out - talk    
    with other members and guests about NDN issues. OPEN NOW!
    NOTICE 9:   FORGOT - We know there is another tidbit to pass along, but we forgot it.  
The Wooden Bowl
Submitted by Sheri Wolf Lady Burnett

A frail old man went to live with his son, daughter-in-law, and four year old grandson.  The old man's hands trembled, his eyesight was blurred, and his step faltered.

The family ate together at the table. But the elderly grandfather's shaky hands and failing sight made eating difficult. Peas rolled off his spoon onto the floor. When he grasped the glass, milk spilled on the tablecloth.  The son and daughter-in-law became irritated with the mess.

"We must do something about Grandfather," said the son. "I've had enough of his spilled milk, noisy eating, and food on the floor."

So the husband and wife set a small table in the corner.  There, Grandfather ate alone while the rest of the family enjoyed dinner.

Since Grandfather had broken a dish or two, his food was served in a wooden bowl.  When the family glanced in Grandfather's direction, sometimes he had a tear in his eye as he sat alone.  Still, the only words the couple had for him were sharp admonitions when he dropped a fork or spilled food.  The four year old watched it all in silence.

One evening before supper, the father noticed his son playing with wood scraps on the floor.

He asked the child sweetly, "What are you making?"

Just as sweetly, the boy responded, "Oh, I am making a little bowl for you and Mama to eat your food in when I grow up."

The four year old smiled and went back to work.  The words so struck the parents that they were speechless. Then tears started to stream down their cheeks.  Though no word was spoken, both knew what must be done.

That evening the husband took Grandfather's hand and gently led him back to the family table.

For the remainder of his days he ate every meal with the family. And for some reason, neither husband nor wife seemed to care any longer when a fork was dropped, milk spilled, or the tablecloth soiled.

On a positive note, I've learned that, no matter what happens or how bad it seems today, life does go on, and it will be better tomorrow.  I've learned that, regardless of your relationship with your parents, you'll miss them when they're gone from your life.  I've learned that making a "living" is not the same thing as making a "life."   I've learned that life sometimes gives you a second chance.   I've learned that you shouldn't go through life with a catcher's mitt on both hands.  You need to be able to throw something back.

I've learned that if you pursue happiness, it will elude you.  But, if you focus on your family, your friends, the needs of others, your work and doing the very best you can, happiness will find you.

I've learned that whenever I decide something with an open heart, I usually make the right decision.

I've learned that even when I have pains, I don't have to be one.

People love that human touch - holding hands, a warm hug, or just a friendly pat on the back.

I've learned that I still have a lot to learn. I've learned that you should pass this on to everyone you care about.

I just did.


Secrets of Vanished Indian Nation Finally Revealed
By Rupert Cornwell in Washington

Waldo Wilcox, a rancher in the remote high country of Utah, has revealed a secret that he and his family have kept for 50 years - the undisturbed, astonishingly preserved ruins of settlements of people who inhabited the American south-west centuries before Christopher Columbus arrived in the New World.

This week, after a state newspaper finally broke the story, Mr Wilcox, 74, invited journalists to see the ruins, clinging to the steep slopes and mountain ledges of a part of the canyon called Range Creek. They provide a remarkable and unmatched window into the life of the Fremont Indians who lived there between 750 and 1,000 years ago - ancient grain containers with their covers fixed tight, the corn and rye still inside; stone arrow heads and entire arrows lying on the ground and many other primitive artefacts. There are rock faces decorated with pictographs of animals and other intricate patterns; pit houses; and graves with mummified human remains preserved in strips of beaver skin. These archaeological vestiges were discovered by Mr Wilcox soon after he bought the 4,200-acre ranch in 1951.  He kept the knowledge to himself for as long as he could, but the advancing years eventually made it impossible for him to maintain the secret. In 2001 he sold the ranch to the US Trust for Public Land, which in turn passed it on to another federal agency before the state of Utah acquired the land earlier this year.  The existence of the settlements was kept quiet to allow a proper management plan to be put in place - until last week when the secret of Range Creek went public. Like their cousins, the Anasazi Indians, who lived to the south and west, mystery shrouds the Fremont Indians: above all, the question of why their civilisation, like that of the Anasazi, suddenly vanished about 700 years ago is yet to be answered.

Scientists, historians and archaeologists have advanced various theories, ranging from a drought that forced once-settled people to become nomads, to conquest or assimilation by other Indian tribes.Nor is anyone sure why so many of the sites are in positions so defensible that they must have been almost unreachable, even to the people that lived in them. One intact settlement, for instance, only came to light about 15 years ago when Mr Wilcox chased off a mountain lion that had been menacing his cattle and stumbled upon the site on the top of a cliff.
Submitted by Manataka Correspondent, Kim Summer Moon


By Unknown Author

A little boy asked his mother, "Why are you crying?"

"Because I'm a woman," she told him. 
"I don't understand," he said.
His Mom just hugged him and said, "And you never will."

Later the little boy asked his father, "Why does mother seem to cry for no reason?"  "All women cry for no reason," was all his dad could say.

The little boy grew up and became a man, still wondering why women cry.  Finally, he put in a call to God.  When God got on the phone, he asked, "God, why do women cry so easily?"

God said:
"When I made the woman she had to be special. I made her shoulders strong enough to carry the weight of the world, yet gentle enough to give comfort. I gave her an inner strength to endure childbirth and the rejection
that many times comes from her children.  I gave her a hardness that allows her to keep going when everyone else
gives up, and take care of her family through sickness and fatigue without complaining.

I gave her the sensitivity to love her children under any and all circumstances, even when her child has hurt her very badly.

I gave her strength to carry her husband through his faults and fashioned her from his rib to protect his heart.

I gave her wisdom to know that a good husband never hurts his wife, but sometimes tests her strengths and her resolve to stand beside him unfalteringly.

And, finally, I gave her a tear to shed. This is hers exclusively to use whenever it is needed."

"You see, my son," said God, "the beauty of a woman is not in the clothes she wears, the figure that she carries, or the way she combs her hair.

The beauty of a woman must be seen in her eyes, because that is the doorway to her heart - the place where love resides."

Submitted by Manataka Correspondent, Kim Summer Moon

11:30 a.m., 1st Saturday of each month, location to be announced. 
Contact: Judy White Feather  (501) 922-4468
Dear Manataka Members and Friends, 

I wanted you to know that the Bush administration is using the recent rise in gasoline prices as a pretext to sacrifice one of America's greatest natural treasures -- the Western Arctic Reserve of Alaska -- to massive oil development.

We have a very narrow window in which to block this corporate-sponsored raid on our natural heritage. Over the next 30 days, the Bush administration is taking public comments on its plan to put 96 percent of the reserve's wildlife-filled northeast region on the auction block.

I am asking you and hundreds of thousands of others to join me in flooding the Bush administration with messages of protest over the next critical weeks.

Please do your part by going to  and sending an electronic message telling the Bureau of Land Management to
withdraw its destructive plan and to permanently protect the reserve's world-class wildlife habitats.

Then please forward my message to as many people as you can.  The Western Arctic Reserve may be less well-known than the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge -- which lies directly to the east -- but its wildlife populations are every bit as unique, spectacular and endangered.

I am especially concerned about the Western Arctic Reserve's Teshekpuk Lake region -- one of the most important tundra-wetland ecosystems left on our planet. This vast network of coastal lagoons, deep water lakes, sedge grass meadows and braided streams provides the critical calving grounds for the 45,000-member Teshekpuk Lake caribou herd.

Thirty percent of all Pacific black brant also take refuge in these safe and remote wetlands, remaining flightless while they replace their old feathers.  Steller's eiders, northern pintails, tundra swans and rare yellow-billed loons are just a few of the other amazing species that flock to Teshekpuk Lake to nest, free from disturbance. Come fall, some of these birds will migrate as far south as Antarctica.

Polar bears roam the coastal areas of Teshekpuk Lake from summer to early winter. And people are counting on the lake for survival as well. The Inupiat Eskimos have subsisted here in balance with nature for at least 8,000 years by following the herds of caribou.

Incredibly, the Western Arctic has never been granted full federal protection. That's because it was set aside as the "National Petroleum Reserve-Alaska" nearly a century ago. But  Congress also stipulated that this oil field be tapped only in time of dire national need.

Our government kept oil rigs out of the Western Arctic Reserve even during the darkest days of World War II and the oil embargo of the 1970s. As a result, most of the reserve has remained pristine -- its primeval beauty unmarred by roads, oil rigs or other signs of human interference.

Interior secretaries since the 1970s have recognized the need for special protection in the Teshekpuk Lake area. But if the Bush administration gets its way, Teshekpuk Lake will soon be stripped of most of those protections and sold to the highest bidder.

And for what? Drilling in the Western Arctic would have no effect on gas prices at the pump. Its oil would take years to get to market and would never equal more than one or two percent of America's oil supply -- a tiny drop in the bucket of our nation's oil consumption.

Only one group would benefit from destroying the Western Arctic: the oil giants. Meanwhile, they would turn one of the planet's most fragile homes for Arctic wildlife into an industrial zone of pipelines, producing wells and contaminated waste sites.

The Western Arctic Reserve is supposed to be an energy savings account of last resort. A recent poll shows that the vast majority of Americans would rather save oil and lower gas prices by adopting tougher fuel economy standards for our cars and trucks.

Please join me in telling the Bush administration to follow the cleaner and more self-reliant path of fuel efficiency -- and to put Teshekpuk Lake and other critical habitats off limits to the oil industry.
Please go to  and tell the Bush administration to withdraw its destructive plan. And remember to forward my message to your friends, colleagues and family.

This fight represents one of our very last chances to preserve untrammeled wilderness as we first found it. Let's speak with one voice and stop this senseless attack on one of the world's greatest sanctuaries for Arctic wildlife. Thank you.


Robert Redford
Board of Trustees
Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC)

Manataka.Org now has the
 Get Your Manataka Photo ID Card Here

Check it out - talk with members and guests about NDN issues
FEATURE STORIES                                  
Acorn Epicures - the Maidu
My Journey to Manataka                                
Sorry for Not Being A Stereotype  
Who is Mary Laughing Dove?                       
Aztec Creation Story
Abenaki History - Four Parts!
Acolapissa People 
Algonquin History  - Two Parts!
TRADING POST                                           
Red Hawk Crafts                                            
Silversmith's Regalia - New items!
Seven Sacred Values of Life
Whirling Rainbow Prophesy
Red Cloud's Pipe
Algonquin Flood Story
Always-Living-by-the Coast - A Kiakuit Story
AnêktcXô'lEmiX  -  A Chinook Story
Arrow Men - A Coos Story  
Arrow Boy - A Cheyenne Story
At Rainbows End - A Navajo Story
Creation Story - Algonquin 
Âgän-uni'tsï's Search For The Uktena - A Cherokee Story
Algon and the Sky Girl - An Algonquin Story 
Adam and Eve - A Tlingit Story
Legends of Devil's Tower

Do you have a story to tell or an article you would like to see appear on our website? If so, please send it today.

Did you make an application with MAIC between October 01, 2003 and February 20, 2004 and did not receive a membership packet?  If so, please email Manataka  

White Bear!  Announcing the arrival of Spirit Bear
Another interesting "Native American sign of the times".   Wonderful photos below of the White Bear cub! 

It with great honor and my pleasure to pass on Spirit Bear and his Mother for all to see. This is really beautiful!   As some of you may have heard, this mother bear and her cub are less then an hour and a half from The Pas, Manitoba. Not just any mother bear and her cub.  But a black bear with a white cub ... a very rare occurrence!
Manataka Correspondent Elaine Newell

Osiyo Family,
I opened the door this morning to a fresh coat of snow on the ground and the trees. The air was almost warm and balmy. The creek sung to me with its tinkling melody, and the birds were singing gaily in the trees.

What a strange and unusual morning, sort of like the best of all seasons combined. There was the snow of winter, the birds of spring, the summer air, and the fall sound of the rustling water. Standing in the doorway, just taking in the scene and all the sights and sounds that touched all the sences, it rested on my mind once again, that the Great Mystery is ever
present and able to mix things up in a way we never think of.  O
nly  He, could put all the seasons in a big pot, stir them up and come up with a morning like this.
And what would the world be like if all people became completely aware of this? If, at times in our lives, when everything seems all mixed up and confused, if we were able to step back away from the big pot we call "reality" and see it from a distance.... as I looked upon the forest scene this morning.  How beautiful it might look...
In this day and time of different cultures and nations trying to get along, if all the world could see it as Creator's big kettle being stirred around with a big stick, until we blend like the seasons overlapping and create a new and glorious morning.  Would there still be the up-town and down-town of
cites?  People fighing in the streets?  Children being afraid to go to school?
How do we tell the whole world that we are all connected like the seasons... blending into one another... sometimes overlapping, sometimes distinctly different, and all...just the way it's supposed to be?

Like the colors of fall, blending in to make a striking landscape, and the textures of winter, from soft snow to hard ice, creating the winter  wonderland of our childhood dreams, and all the textures and colors of spring painting a picture of new birth and life......sometimes opposites
blend well and make the most beautiful of things.  In nature, the snow does not fight the ice, but becomes it. The ice becomes the water, and then, through time and air and the wonders of nature, it all becomes snow again one day. It is only humans that fight the change, the merging, and the
blending to create something new and wonderful. They fight it every step of the way, and make it difficult and uncomfortable.
As all change, it comes one baby step at a time. With a smile, and an unexpected favor. Showing our neighbors that we are connected is the first step to showing the world. Like ripples in the pond it keeps reaching out farther, and farther. Until at last, all the differences come together in a scene of peace like what I saw out my front door this morning. Did I open my door to a small glimmer of what the world will someday become?  Or is it that now...the humans just don't know it yet.
Walk in peace,
Peaceful Wind
Paula Stahl


Federal Government Seeks End to Gray Wolf Protection
By STEVE KARNOWSKI, Associated Press Writer

FOREST LAKE, Minn. - The gray wolf has made such a strong comeback that it should be removed from federal protection from Maine to the Dakotas, Interior Secretary Gail Norton said Friday.

"This is a moment in which we can take great pride in achievement, both of people and in nature," Norton said at a wildlife science center in front of a pen containing six wolves, which watched their human audience with some curiosity.

Norton announced a proposed rule that would lift protection under the Endangered Species Act for gray wolves in Minnesota, Wisconsin and Michigan — where the population has grown to 3,200 animals — as well as in at least 20 other states. The proposal calls for states to assume management of the gray wolf populations in those states.

The gray wolf nearly disappeared in the lower 48 states in the 1950s.

The rule change includes New England, where conservationists fear that loss of federal protection would hurt attempts to develop future wolf populations through migrations from Canada.

Norton said Friday marked the start of a four-month public comment period on the rule. Public meetings will be held across the region, and Norton said to expect her department to issue its final rule late this year or early next year. Norton said she expects environmental groups will sue to block the change.

The Endangered Species Act is managed by Interior's U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

Norton was to travel later Friday to a wildlife sanctuary in Wisconsin where the wolves have been on the rebound as well. Minnesota has the largest population of gray wolves — also known as timber wolves — in the United States outside of Alaska, where the animal has never needed protection.

Conservationists acknowledged that the revival of the gray wolf in Minnesota, Wisconsin and Michigan is a tale of ecological success.

But they called the Interior proposal shortsighted because it also removes all protection for the wolf in New England where — especially in Maine — there has been hope the wolf population would re-emerge, migrating in from Canada.

"Wolf recovery in the Great Lakes represents a tremendous wildlife success story," said Larry Schwieger, president of the National Wildlife Federation. "But the Fish and Wildlife Service should not abandon efforts to recover the wolf in the Northeast."

Interior Department spokeswoman Tina Kreisher said that under the proposed rule in regions such as New England it would be up to the states to try to reintroduce gray wolves if they desire future populations.

Last year, the Interior Department upgraded the wolf from endangered to threatened everywhere in the lower 48 states except for the Southwest, where a subspecies, known as the Mexican gray wolf, has been struggling to recover.

The latest action for the time being would continue the "threatened" designation for gray wolves across the West including in Wyoming, Idaho and Montana where wolves were reintroduced in the mid-1990s under a federal program at Yellowstone National Park. The wolf would remain endangered in the Southwest.

Virtually extinct in the lower 48 states some 40 years ago, today there are more than 2,450 wolves in Minnesota and nearly 800 in Wisconsin and Michigan. The reintroduction program at Yellowstone has produced hundreds of the wolves in Wyoming, Idaho and Montana.

Historically, the gray wolf's range stretched from Canada to Mexico including most of the United States.

Although the gray wolf is still limited to less than 5 percent of its original range, the recovery program has been compared to the successful revival under the Endangered Species Act of the bald eagle, the American alligator and peregrine falcon.

Associated Press writer H. Josef Hebert contributed to this report from Washington.

Life Lessons 

The Weight Of It

A lecturer was giving a lecture to his students on stress management. He raised a glass of water and asked the audience, "How heavy do you think this glass of water is?"
The students' answers ranged from 1/4 pound, to 1 pound.
"It does not matter on the absolute weight.  It depends on how long you hold it.
If I hold it for a minute, it is OK. If I hold it for an hour, I will have an ache in my right arm. If I hold it for a day, you will have to call an ambulance.
It is the exact same weight, but the longer I hold it, the heavier it becomes."

"If we carry our burdens all the time, sooner or later, we will not be able to carry on, the burden becoming increasingly heavier."
"What you have to do is to put the glass down, rest for a while before holding it up again."

We have to put down the burden periodically, so that we can be refreshed and are able to carry on.
So, as you labor away in your work endeavors, put the burden of work down at times. Don't carry it all the time. You can pick it up tomorrow. Whatever burdens you are having now, on your shoulders, just let it down for a moment if you can.
Pick it up again later when you have rested, it will be a much lighter burden...
Rest and relax.
Life is short, enjoy it!!

A Story Of The Origin Of Corn and Tobacco
A Creek / Koasati Story

Six Indian brothers traveled about. The youngest did not have enough to eat, so he left the people and went off by himself. He took nothing with him except an earthen pot which he carried on his back. He went on, camping each night and traveling in the daytime. Going on camping in this way he settled at a certain place near which he saw that two persons had built a fire. But he stayed by his own fire watching it. In the morning the two persons saw him and called to him to come over. When he got there they said, "Cook and eat," and they gave him food which he cooked and ate. He remained to watch the camp, but when day came those two men started out to hunt. After they were gone that Indian took the little earthen pot, made it grow large by snapping his fingers against it, set it in the fireplace filled with water in which he had placed some food, and kept up a fire beneath until it boiled.

The two persons traveled about and came back. When they got there he said, "I am cooking for you." "Alas! (Hiha)," they said, "it is spoiled for us.  Now we must leave you."

"Tomorrow I will drive bear," said one of them. Together they went on to drive the game toward him. They went on and camped four nights driving bear, and saying to him, "You must drive bear this way." Then he himself went along the trail. The Indian went. When he got where the men were standing together they said, "We shot in this direction. The ground is bloody."  Following the trail for a while, they saw some red corn dropped on the ground. The Indian took it and went on with it. Again they found two ears (or kernels) of corn in the trail. He picked them up and carried them on.
Again they found two or three lying in the trail which he picked up and carried along. Presently it was bright in front of them because there was a big field there. When they reached it, it was something ripe (grain). The men said, "You must stay here," and they went off. They showed him how to make corncribs before they went. Then they left him alone. But they also gave him tobacco seed, saying, "Plant some of this tobacco and smoke it."

Myths and Tales of the Southeastern Indians by John R. Swanton. [1929] (Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin, No. 88.)
Submitted by Blue Panther Keeper of Stories

Strange Turkey Catches People and Carries Them Up to the Sky 
A Creek / Hitchiti Story

A Turkey used to catch men and carry them up to the sky. When they discovered this, many people gathered at the busk ground to find someone who could kill the Turkey when it came. Black Snake was present, and they said to him, "You might do it." "All right," he answered. Then they deliberated to find another whom they might ask. A Puppy was there, and they said, "You might try this." He, too, said, "All right." So these two were chosen to kill the Turkey.

Then the people waited and presently they heard the Turkey coming. It came from the sky while they were waiting for it. As soon as it lighted on the ground Black Snake ran at it and tried to whip it but missed. When it dropped from above the Puppy also ran up and struck the Turkey from behind. It fell down and all the men ran upon it, beat it, and killed it. Then the disappearance of the men into the sky stopped.

Before that time the people did not eat these birds, but they have done so ever since. When the Turkey came the Puppy killed it, and so nowadays when turkeys see a puppy they are afraid of it. All fly up into trees. Therefore, puppies are taken hunting and when, after hunting about, they discover turkeys the turkeys all fly up into trees. Then it is easy to kill them.

This is how they tell it.

From the Archives of Wolf Walker
Submitted by Blue Panther Keeper of Stories

BIG Difference Between Butter & Margarine

DO YOU  KNOW...the difference between margarine and butter? 
  • Both have the same amount of calories, but butter is higher in saturated fats at 8 grams verses 5 grams. 
  • Eating  margarine can increase heart disease in women by 53% over eating the same amount of butter. 
  • Eating butter increases the absorption of many other nutrients in other foods.
    Butter has many nutritional benefits where margarine has a few only because they are added! 
  • Butter tastes much better than margarine and it can enhance the flavors of other foods. 
  • Butter  has been around for centuries where margarine has been around for less than 100 years.

    And now, for Margarine...
  • Very high in trans fatty acids. 
  • Triple risk of coronary heart disease. 
  • Increases total  cholesterol and LDL (this is the bad cholesterol) 
  • Lowers  HDL cholesterol, (the good cholesterol). 
  • Increases the risk of cancers by up to five fold. 
  • Lowers quality of breast milk. 
  • Decreases immune response. 
  • Decreases insulin response.
        And here is the most disturbing fact....
  • Margarine is but ONE MOLECULE away from being  PLASTIC...
This fact alone was enough to have me avoiding margarine for life and anything else that is hydrogenated (this means hydrogen is added, changing the molecular structure of the substance).

YOU can try this yourself: purchase a tub of margarine and leave it in your garage or shaded area. Within a couple of days you wil l note a couple of things: no flies, not even those pesky fruit flies will go near it (that  should tell  you something) ... it does not rot or smell differently.. because it has no nutritional value, nothing will grow on it...even  those teeny weeny microorganisms will not a find a home to grow.  Why?  Because it is nearly plastic. Would you melt your Tupperware and spread that on your toast?

Share  This With Your Friends....(Butter them up!)
Submitted by Crystal Harvey

Stevens: Eyapaha! When you vote, they listen

Across the country, American Indian voters are waking up the politicians of both parties. From the Southwest desert to the Florida Everglades, from the Great Lakes and the Great Plains to the Rocky Mountains, and from Alaska, the Pacific Northwest, and California to the Atlantic coast, Indian voters are making their voices heard.

In the mid-1990s, New Mexico’s American Indian voters shocked the political establishment when they helped elect Governor Gary Johnson, a Republican, breaking the Democrats’ traditional hold on that office. Johnson’s election was fueled by frustration caused by the past Governor’s refusal to work with elected tribal leaders.

By 2000, Slade Gorton, the powerful Republican chairman of Senate Interior Appropriations, had amassed quite a record of anti-Indian legislation. Washington’s record American Indian voter turnout turned Slade Gorton out of office. Senator Maria Cantwell, a bright, young and dynamic executive from the high tech computer industry turned a new page in history.  

At the same time, American Indian voters across the country supported the primary candidacy of Senator John McCain for President of the United States. As past chairman of the Senate Indian Affairs Committee, our people know Senator McCain as a man who is committed to the United States honor and who has consistently worked to honor the United States’ treaty obligations to Indian nations.

In 2002, Indian country voters drove two dramatic victories. Senator Tim Johnson from South Dakota was down by 3,000 votes as election coverage closed for the night, but the next morning when votes from the Oglala Sioux Reservation were counted, Johnson had won by 500 votes.  

In an amazing parallel, Governor Janet Napolitano was down by a few hundred votes as the daily papers went to print, but the next morning, she had won by 500 votes after the Navajo Nation’s voters were counted. The impact of Indian votes could not have been more clear.

Across the country, American Indian voters have supported elected officials who are ready to work with Indian country. American Indian support for the House Native American Caucus makes this point very clearly. American Indians have strongly supported both Dale Kildee, the long-time Democratic congressman from Flint, Mich., who carries a copy of the Constitution in his pocket to educate his fellow congressmen about the Indian Commerce Clause, and J.D. Hayworth, one of the foremost conservative leaders in the Republican Caucus.

This year, with elections close around the country, Indian voters must turn out. The Senate race is again tight in South Dakota, and South Dakota voters will decide whether to return Minority Leader Tom Daschle to the Senate for a fourth term. Senator Patty Murray, a recognized leader in Washington, will face the well-liked Congressman Nethercutt, who is a champion in the fight against diabetes. In Colorado, Indian voters would clearly have supported Senator Nighthorse Campbell, yet with his retirement, the race is wide open. And, Indian voters will provide crucial votes in tight races in Alaska, Oklahoma, the Carolinas and Florida.

Indian voters will also play a crucial role in the presidential election. I expect that once again, American Indians will evaluate the job the administration has done for the nation, for our troops and for Indian country, and we will all make our decision to vote based on what’s best for our families, our tribes and our nation.

To take care of our elders and our children and grandchildren, to provide for our future, to protect our sovereignty, we need to continue to make our voices heard. For all of our relatives, I encourage you all to stay active and be sure to vote.

In the past, many politicians wrote off our people and ignored our needs because we had a low voter turnout. Today, as our people see the opportunity to make our voices heard, we as Indian voters are becoming a political force. And, today, national leaders from both parties are finding their way out to Indian country to meet with American Indian voters because our votes count.

When we vote, they listen.


13 Rules to Live By

Sometimes we need to remember WHAT the Rules of life really are.

1. Never give yourself a haircut after three alcoholic beverages of any kind.

2. You need only two tools: WD-40 and duct tape. If it doesn't move and it should, use WD-40.
If it moves and shouldn't, use the tape.

3. The five most essential words for a healthy, vital relationship are "I apologize" and "You are right".

4. Everyone seems normal until you get to know them.

5. When you make a mistake, make amends immediately. It's easier to eat crow while it's still warm.

6. The only really good advice that your mother ever gave you was: "Go! You might meet someone!"

7. If he/she says that you are too good for him/her - believe them.

8. Learn to pick your battles. Ask yourself, "Will this matter one year from now?"  How about one month?  One week?  One day?

9. Never pass up an opportunity to pee.

10. If you woke up breathing, congratulations! You have another chance!

11. Living well really is the best revenge. Being miserable because of a bad or former relationship just might mean that the other person was right about you.

12. Work is good, but it's not that important.

13. And finally, be really nice to your friends and family. You never know when you are going to need them to empty your bedpan.
From "Mountain Wings" Wings over the Mountains of Life.
Submitted by Manataka Correspondent Sheri Burnett



Chief Bill Little Horse:  Chief is back in the hospital again suffering with pneumonia.  It is serious.   Needs prayer.  


Frances McAdams:  Hospitalized with cancer.


Alida Baker:  Mother of Henrietta EagleStar.  Recently hospitalized in serious condition.

Larry Zink Hota Irons - Michigan:  Diagnosed with cancer. 

Sharon Kamama Baugh - Arkansas:  Diagnosed with cancer. Recently underwent surgery.

Cancer remains.   Sharon was chair of the Manataka Women's Council for many years.


Sara Jane Cook:  Sister of Joe Burton.  Brain Tumor.


Mother of Charles Lone Wolf Black:  Diagnosed with cancer.


Hayes Family - Arkansas: All four members of the Hayes family of Monticello are recovering nicely. Grandmother Marsha Pierce, Manataka member sends her thanks for all the prayers.


Grandmother Peggy  As of July 2nd no cancer remains anywhere in her body.  She asked that the love, and caring, and prayers continue. She asked that her gratitude be extended to everyone who has prayed in her behalf.   From Cherie G. Porter


Tommie Love  A 4 years old who doctors give no prognosis - diagnosed with 2 large brain tumors  - untreatable at Barnes Childrens Hospital of St Louis. I ask for prayers for her healing and prayers for her family. From Alison Klose

Olive Borst  My mom is back in the hospital. Her hemoglobin was very low, and the cancer is back with a vegeance. They don't know if they can stop it. She's having radiation as I write this. My heart is hurting so badly. I just called the hospital, and they said she would be put into a regular room when she was done with the treatment. She was in ICU.  I really need everyone to pray for her. From Sheri Wolf Lady Burnett   [Sheri is needing funds to travel 1,200 miles to be with her mother during her last days.  Please help.  Send donations to:  Sheri Burnett, c/o Olive Borst, 4079 Sunset Dr., Rhinelander,WI 54501  or call: 229-563-3054.]


By Lloyd J. Thomas, Ph.D.

Forgiveness is not just a religious doctrine.  It is a skill necessary for your personal and psychological health.  It is a skillful art that is critical to living well.  It is a road we need to travel again and again if we are to remain happy.

We often believe that forgiveness is for the benefit of the person who has offended us.  Not true!  It is for the benefit of the forgiver.  In his book, "Forgive and Forget," Lewis B. Smedes has written, "Forgiveness is outrageous.  When we do it, we commit an outrage against the strict morality that will not rest with anything
short of an even score.  It is creative...for we create a new beginning out of [our] past pain that never had a right to exist in the first place." Creating a new beginning out of our personal pain benefits us more than anyone else.

Forgiveness seems even more! difficult when the offender doesn't apologize, or when he may not even be aware that he hurt you.  Forgiveness seems impossible when physical or emotional distance makes reconciliation appear unattainable.  When your injury runs so deep that it affects your whole life, forgiveness demands enormous courage.

When we don't forgive, old anger and pain keep bubbling up into our lives, creating resentment, guilt and general unhappiness.  If you find yourself saying again and again, "I just can't forgive.  That injustice is just too great," consider well the painful consequences to your own emotional life that you will maintain or make even worse.

When Pope John Paul II decided to visit his would-be assassin, Lance Morrow was moved to write, "Not to forgive is to be imprisoned by the past, by old grievances that do not permit life to proceed with new business.  Not to forgive is to yield oneself to another's be locked into a sequence of act and response, of outrage
and revenge, tit for tat, escalating always.  The present is endlessly overwhelmed and devoured by the past.  Forgiveness frees the forgiver.  It extracts the forgiver from someone else's nightmare."

How do we go about becoming familiar with the road of  forgiveness?  Perhaps the following suggestions will be useful.

Remember that forgiveness is not a sudden, quick event.  No more than a physical wound instantly heals with the application of a bandage; forgiveness does not occur in a single moment of tear-streaked reunion. Forgiveness is a journey. It is a process.
So learn to be patient and persistent as you travel the road of forgiveness with the end of the journey, the freedom and internal peace, kept firmly in the forefront of your mind.

Bring to mind the offense.  Remember it.  It may be easy to forget the little hurts and inconveniences of daily living.  It is painful to remember the major wounds and  tragedies.  But to forget and repress such memories only drives them underground in your psyche where they fester and re-emerge in ways which damage you and your relationships.  You cannot forgive what you refuse to remember.  Sure, remembering may be painful.  So be caring and gentle with yourself.  And remember in small amounts.  With remembering comes greater understanding.

Recall the consequences of the injury.  The shattered relationship, the pain, the loss or losses, and the material or psychological setback.  What part of you was lost that you would like to recover in order to make yourself whole once again?

Consciously decide to forgive.  I know parents of a young child who was raped and brutally murdered.  When they got past the usual denial of that unbearable injustice, they remembered the event with all its horror.  Only then could they ! decide to forgive or not.  Face that decision squarely.  Do you really want to forgive.  Do you want to live a life of continued anger, pain and resentment?  When anger and
hatred have been living in our hearts for any length of time, we become used to them.  We may even grow to like our "grudges" and our hatreds.  At least they become familiar.

Finally, write down the anticipated consequences of forgiving.  What are the benefits to you?  Write out what difference forgiving will make in your life.  What will you gain?  What will you lose?  Then decide to do something in a forgiving way.  Contact the offender.  Repair the damage as best you can.  Step by step, move to the
compassionate position of wishing well to the person who hurt you.  At that point, you will know you have reached the end of your journey.  Forgiving can be a long, painful journey.  The destination of freedom and new life for you, makes the trip worthwhile.

Submitted by Manataka Correspondent Lynn Smith
The Global Spiritual Network


I read your notes on "Prison Writings: My Life is My Sun Dance", and received a copy of it for my birthday (my aunt actually did not question me on this).  What a powerful book, such inspiration from such a heartbreaking situation! I had been following Leonard Peltier's story for some time. I feel the book is a "must read".

Combined with Joy Harjo's "Letters from the End of the Twentieth Century" - being alone in life philosophy and lifestyle here where I am, I am surrounding myself with influences, "friends" .... comforts and reminders.  When others make no sense to me and I make no sense to them .... it  helps.

I continue to read "God is Red" -- it is not a "fast read."  Fascinating, rich, scathing, broad in scope -- an excellent book but I need to take my time with it. I also continue to read "Black Elk Speaks". And I am waiting for "Ohitika Woman" to arrive. I was awaiting "Crow Dog: Four
Generations of Sioux Medicine Men" until I learned the order was inexplicably cancelled. So
I need to re-order it elsewhere.

kim summer moon

The Ancestors of Manataka sent these words
Three Angels came to the circle one day
They brought healing while all prayed
They looked like children to you and me
But they were Angels to heal thee
 Sent to us we all do know
 By the woman called Rainbow
She lives in the trees by the stream
The Rainbow Woman is not a dream
She lives in peace as we all can see
This place called Manataka where I long to be
Healing is in the Mountain and trees up high
And in the sacred waters as they flow bye
In the circle when we all join hands
Healing can come to every man
So it came one day to a man called Bear
The  people of the circle all in Prayer
Healing  came from three angels there
In the great circle while all in prayer
They looked like children to you and me
Voices in the winds said this was meant to be
By Helen Red Wing

Now is a good time to support the many programs, services and events of MAIC.  We can always use a small donation. Now you can pay by check or credit card online. It's easy, secure and fast!  

Click Here

1. Reams of ink jet paper
2. Postage stamps
3. 15 - 20 gallon plastic storage boxes with lids

LAND - Donate land to be used as financing leverage for the Manataka American Indian Village.  Any size or location is acceptable. Certain tax benefits may apply.

When a friend or relative passes, honor their memory and send a tax deductible contribution to MAIC and we will send the family in your name a beautiful letter and memorial certificate.

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Manataka American Indian Council
PO Box 476
Hot Springs, AR 71902-0476



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