Manataka American Indian Council                          Volume VI  Issue 5  May, 2004

CONTENTS:                      Essence of Woman     
 Upcoming Events                   Healing Prayer Basket      
 Web Site Updates                   Red and Black Symbology
 News Flash                              Laws That Hurt Our Children
 Life on The Edge                    A Sioux Prayer
 'Dead Zones' Growing          7,500 Dead Wolves
 Oriah Mountain Dreamer     Yellowstone Buffalo Slaughter
 Yahoola Creek                        Dam Bureaucrats!!
 News Wires - 12 Stories       Powwow Scam Artist


May 7 - 9, 2004


Gulpha Gorge Campground, Hwy 70B, between Hwy 70 East and Hwy 7 North, Hot Springs, Arkansas

Women and Girls Only Please



May 14 - 16, 2004

White Bear's Little Rez Campout

Celebrating a New Home and the return of Crow Eagle

Blessing Ceremonies, Storytelling, Trade Blanket, Potluck Dinner

Bring lawn chairs, food, camping gear


Directions:  From Exit 106, I-30.  Go to J J's Truck Stop.  Go WEST on Old Military Road until road turn to gravel, next road turn RIGHT on FG Jones Road, Go 1 block to 256 Southridge.   Watch for the RED streamers along the way.   (501) 467-8287


June 25- 27, 2004

Gulpha Gorge Campgrounds, Hot Springs, Arkansas







Manataka needs your help to defray the cost of bringing spiritual elders, officials, dancers and drummers to the Gathering.   We do not charge an admission to the ceremonies and we have no income from vendors for this event.  Expenses will be well over $3,000.   If you would like to sponsor one or more dignitaries, please email us today  or click on this link  Summer Gathering  to make a direct donation.   THANK YOU!



Manataka American Indian Council


                                  ELECTION DATE:  June 26, 2004
                                 VOTING PLACE:    Gulpha Gorge Campgrounds
                                  VOTING TIME:         9 a.m. to 5 p.m.


A.    Nominations: Elder Council members shall be nominated by petition of the qualified registered voters of the MAIC filed with the Secretary not more than 120 days and not less than 90 days prior to an election.  The Secretary shall certify said nominations and submit to a vote of the qualified voters. (Article IX, Section 2.)Nominations began on February 28, 2004 and ended March 28, 2004.


B.    All qualified members whose dues are not in arrears may vote.


C.    Voting may be done three ways:

        1.    In-person on the date of election.  You must present your identification or                 proof of membership to receive a ballot at the Gathering.


        2.    By U.S. Mail sent to:  MAIC, P.O. Box 476, Hot Springs, AR 71902-0476    

        3.    Voting by EMAIL

D.    The following is a slate of duly nominated and qualified candidates for each    

        office listed below. You may select FOR or ABSTAIN.  


Nominated Candidates


OFFICE                        CANDIDATES                            VOTE FOR    ABSTAIN

CHAIRPERSON         Dr. Bob McFarlin                        ________    ________

VICE CHAIR                Dr. Bob Swindell                        ________    ________

SECRETARY              Lee Standing Bear Moore        ________    ________

ELDER 1                      Garl White Horse Neel               ________    ________

ELDER 2                      Cuchi Davila                                ________    ________

ELDER 3                      Charles Doc Davidson             ________    ________  

ELDER 4                      Nell BeautifulBasket Hampton________   ________

ELDER 5                      David Quiet Wind Furr              ________    ________ 

ELDER 6                      Hervie Long Legs Chisum      ________    ________










11:30 a.m., 3rd Sunday of each month, Gulpha Gorge Campgrounds
11:30 a.m., 1st Saturday of each month, DeSoto Park, Hwy 7 North
Manataka.Org now has the
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Beautiful Words
Poetry by Lady Bird
Poetry by Three Eagles
Why Buffalo Has A Hump
Why Birch Tree Wears Stripes
    Medicine Lodge
Animal Spirit Medicine
    Elders Speak
Chief Arvol Looking Horse - Update
American Indian Sign Language - 40 pages! 
Buckskin & Buffalos
Manataka Healing Clay
Regalia by Silversmith 
Teepees' Etc


Do you have a story to tell or an article you would like to see appear on our website? If so, please send it today.

Did you make an application with MAIC between October 01, 2003 and February 20, 2004 and did not receive a membership packet?  If so, please email Manataka  

AQUADEXTROUS (ak wa deks'trus) adj. Possessing the ability to turn the bathtub faucet on and off with your toes.

Hello everyone. We will be celebrating the Wesak Festival on Monday, May 3rd at our home, 4105 Woodbine Place, Rapid City, SD. It will be at 6:30pm. Call us at 605.341.0724 for more information/directions. It will be a potluck. The actual Full Moon is Tuesday afternoon, May 4th. This is a very special time. The Wesak is the celebration of the birth and enlightenment of the Buddha. In Asia it is celebrated like our Christmas in the West. This Wesak is also a Full Moon Eclipse, following the New Moon Eclipse that we all just experienced last week. Remember that millions of people all over the planet will be celebrating and doing ceremony for this Wesak. So no matter where you are, just link up with everyone else. Let us celebrate together. Invite some friends to your home. Break bread together. Visualize "whirled peas." Humanity is One. There truly is only one of us here. Let all secrets stand revealed. Let Light and Love and Power restore the Plan on Earth. So Mote It Be. And So IT IS.
Namaste. Shalom. Saalam. Mitakuye Oyasin.
Clay and Mary Ellen Uptain

Life on "The Edge"
by Joyce Ballard

The "EDGE" Wilderness Program is a concept of sharing, education, communication and problem solving. Its foundation is based on Native American principles of humility and respect for all things. When these concepts are fully understood all things fall into place. The Elders say, "The lesson is getting back to basics." Our children must be  brought back within the Circle in order to reestablish unity of Family, Education and Spirituality as a single thought process. These things cannot be separated for doing so brings confusion and chaos within the family and all involved.
From Native American traditions we return to nature to establish a spiritual connection with Creator/God. Along with individualized studies, the students experience time in the wilderness, purification ceremonies, vision quests and other activities. They come to know and understand the environment and the concept that all things are connected.

The Edge is a residential twelve month program for boys and girls, 12-17 years of age (occasionally as young as 10) who demonstrate an inability to get along at home, in school, or for whatever reason don't fit in. The kids that come to us are average to above average intelligence, often diagnosed with LD and/or ADD/ADHD. Often there has been substance use/abuse and frequent scrapes with the law, parents, school and authority figures. Our students come from different cultures and backgrounds, yet all hold many of the same problems and characteristics. All areas of the student's life are examined. One of the first issues addressed is diet. By changing to a whole food diet, eliminating refined sugar, white flour products and processed foods, many emotional and mental problems improve. If needed certain vitamin and mineral supplements are added with medical supervision and approval. Usually positive changes are noticed within the first two weeks. In many cases some medications can be eliminated or decreased by the attending physician due to the positive results from the change of diet. This enables us to move on to other issues.

Many of the kids come with little or no regard or respect for self what - so - ever. As a team, we work at helping the children understand the internal issues and by doing so we start the healing process. Learning to face issues instead of running from them can be very difficult for many of these children. Native American Tradition speaks of our "Seven Generations." These children are a major part of our hope and healing for the future so our goal is to help them reach a point of emotional, physical and spiritual balance.

In the majority of the children worked with, one thing continues to arise, a disbelief in Creator/God or any type of Higher Power. Many have had negative experiences that caused this disbelief and lack of faith in any form of prayer or meditation. We work with old tradition here to help them fi nd a personal way to reestablish that belief and faith. A this time our lodges (sweats/purification cere monies led by traditionals who have earned the right) are offered to the children as a way of healing and reestablishing a connection long lost.

School has not been a positive experience for many students. They have been disruptive in class, always in trouble for misbehaving and many times failing. One of our goals is to turn this around and awaken within each a desire to learn. The individual educational plan starts each student at their level of achievement and works to bring them to grade level. This allows them to succeed and become more confident in their skills and abilities.

The educational plan works hand in hand with the treatment program to change old behaviors and replace them with new habits and skills. The two overlap in many instances. The educational classes do not always take place in the classroom; often they are in the woods or other locations. Many different modalities are used including arts, crafts and drama. Every student is different and we strive to identify each one's strong points and build on them. There are times when the student is the teacher, practicing what has been learned and developing leadership skills.  
We believe that is important for students to be involved in all areas of life at the Edge. They help with the garden, cooking, cleaning, laundry, etc. We feel that we are in many ways an extended family. As in any family everyone must carry their share of the load or the family becomes unbalanced.

Parents are required to attend three workshops during their child's residence in order to understand the process of healing that we have introduced to the child. There is no magic wand to make things perfect at home so parents also have work and preparation to do. The family is often forgotten thus causing a repeat situation. By unifying parents and child there is a higher possibility of a healthier and happier outcome.

The EDGE Wilderness Program is a division of Gables Academy of Stone Mountain, Georgia. The Program is accredited and staffed by certified experienced professionals.

Joyce Ballard is the Educational Coordinator for the Edge Wilderness Program. For information, call Skylar Swindoll, Program Director, at 770.465.7700 or email:


CARPERPETUATION (kar'pur pet u a shun) n. The act, when vacuuming, of running over a string or a piece of lint at least a dozen times, reaching over and picking it up, examining it, then putting it back down to give the vacuum one more chance. 

'Dead zones' In World's Oceans Growing
It is as sinister a development as any in the list of things going wrong with the planet. Marine "dead zones" - oxygen-starved areas of the oceans that are devoid of fish - are one of the greatest environmental problems facing the world, UN scientists warned yesterday.
There are nearly 150 dead zones across the globe, they are increasing, and they pose as big a threat to fish stocks as over-fishing, the United Nations Environment Program (Unep) said in its Global Environment Outlook Year Book 2003, released at a meeting of environment ministers in Korea.
These lifeless areas of the sea are caused by an excess of nutrients, mainly  nitrogen, that originate from heavy use of agricultural fertilizers, from vehicle and factory emissions and from human wastes. They have doubled in number over the last decade, with some extending over 70,000 square kilometers (27,000 square miles), about the size of Ireland, Unep said.
Dead zones have long afflicted the Gulf of Mexico and Chesapeake Bay off the East Coast of America but they are now spreading to other bodies of water, such as the Baltic Sea, the Black Sea, the Adriatic, the Gulf of Thailand and the Yellow Sea as other regions develop, Unep said. They are also appearing off South America, Japan, Australia and New Zealand.
The nutrient run-off from farm fertilisers, sewage and industrial pollutants triggers blooms of microscopic algae known as phytoplankton. As the algae die and rot, they consume oxygen, suffocating all marine life.
"Humankind is engaged in a gigantic, global experiment as a result of inefficient and often overuse of fertilisers, the discharge of untreated sewage and the ever-rising emissions from vehicles and factories," said Klaus Toepfer, Unep's executive director.
"The nitrogen and phosphorous from these sources are being discharged into rivers and the coastal environment or being deposited from the atmosphere, triggering these alarming and sometimes irreversible effects. Unless urgent action is taken to tackle the sources of the problem, it is likely to escalate rapidly."
Dead zones are especially dangerous to fisheries because they afflict coastal waters where many fish spawn and spend most of their lives before moving to deeper water, said Marion Cheatle, Unep's senior environmental affairs officer. "It hasn't been something well known by policy-makers," Ms Cheatle said. "But it's been getting noticeably worse."
The economic costs associated with dead zones is unknown, but predicted to be significant on a global scale. Unep is urging nations to co-operate in reducing the amount of nitrogen discharged into their coastal waters, by cutting back on fertiliser use or by planting more forests and grasslands along feeder rivers to soak up the excess nitrogen.
By Michael McCarthy, Environment Editor, 30 March 2004
Submitted by Hunting Hawk

DISCONFECT (dis kon fect') v. To sterilize the piece of candy you dropped on the floor by blowing on it, assuming this will somehow "remove" all the germs.

Manataka members Sam and Pat Farnsworth announce the arrival of their new grandson, Nolan Lee Mercer  weighing in at 6lb 9 oz and 19 inches long.  He arrived on April 1, 2004 he was  premature by about 3 weeks but healthy any way. Our daughter Sarah and husband Russ were very happy to see him well.  Noland was born on grandma Pats birthday.  It was a surprise considering since day one of finding out she was finally pregnant Pat predicted his early arrival. 

ELBONICS (el bon'iks) n. the actions of two people maneuvering for one armrest in a theater.

Oriah Mountain Dreamer


It doesn’t interest me what you do for a living.  I want to know what you ache for and what you dare to dream of meeting your heart’s longing.


It doesn’t interest me how old you are. I want to know if you will risk looking like a fool for love, for your dream, for the adventure of being alive.


It doesn’t interest me what planets are squaring your moon. I want to know if you have touched the center of your own sorrow, if you have been open by life’s betrayals or have become shriveled and closed from fears of further pain. I want to know if you can sit with pain, mine our your own, without moving to hide it or fade it or fix it.


I want to know if you can be with joy, mine or your own, if you can dance with the wildness and let the ecstasy fill you to the tips of your fingers and toes without cautioning us to be careful, to be realistic, to remember the limitations of being human.


It doesn’t interest me if the story you are telling me is true. I want to know if you can disappoint another to be true to yourself; if you can bear the accusations of betrayal and not betray your own soul; if you can be faithless and therefore trustworthy.


I want to know if you can see beauty, even when it’s not pretty, every day and if you can source your own life from its presence.


I want to know if you can live with failure, yours and mine, and still stand on the edge of the lake and shout to the silver of the full moon: “Yes”


It doesn’t interest me to know where you live or how much money you have. I want to know if you can get up, after the night of grief and despair, weary and bruised to the bone, and do what needs to be done to feed the children.


It doesn’t interest me who you know and how you came to be here, I want to know what sustains you, from the inside, when all else falls away.


I want to know if you can be alone with yourself and if you truly like the company you keep in the empty moments.

FRUST (frust) n. The small line of debris that refuses to be swept onto the dust pan and keeps backing a person across the room until he finally decides to give up and sweep it under the rug.

Yahoola Creek

Yahoola creek, which flows by Dahlonega, in Lumpkin county, Georgia, is called
Yahulâ'ď (Yahula place) by the Cherokees, and this is the story of the name:

Years ago, long before the Revolution, Yahula was a prosperous stock trader among the Cherokee, and the tinkling of the bells hung around the necks of his ponies could be heard on every mountain trail. Once there was a great hunt and all the warriors were out, but when it was over and they were ready to return to the settlement Yahula was not with them. They waited and searched, but he could not be found, and at last they went back without him, and his friends grieved for him as for one dead. Some time after his people were surprised and delighted to have him walk in among them and sit down as they were at supper in the evening. To their questions he told them that he had been lost in the mountains, and that the Nűńnë'hď, the Immortals, had found him and brought him to their town, where he had been kept ever since, with the kindest care and treatment, until the longing to see his old friends had brought him back. To the invitation of his friends to join them at supper he said that it was now too late--he had tasted the fairy food and could never again eat with human kind, and for the same reason he could not stay with his family, but must go back to the Nűńnë'hď. His wife and children and brother begged him to stay, but he said that he could not; it was either life with the Immortals or death with his own people--and after some further talk he rose to go. They saw him as he sat talking to them and as he stood up, but the moment he stepped out the doorway he vanished as if he had never been.

After that he came back often to visit his people. They would see him first as he entered the house, and while he sat and talked he was his old self in every way, but the instant he stepped across the threshold he was gone, though a hundred eyes might be watching. He came often, but at last their entreaties grew so urgent that the Nűńnë'hď must have been offended, and he came no more. On the mountain at the head of the, creek, about 10 miles above the present Dahlonega, is a small square enclosure of uncut stone, without roof or entrance. Here it was said that he lived, so the Cherokee called it Yahulâ'ď and called the stream by the same name. Often at night a belated traveler coming along the trail by the creek would hear the voice of Yahula singing certain favorite old songs that he used to like to sing as he drove his pack of horses across the mountain, the sound of a voice urging them on, and the crack of a whip and the tinkling of bells went with the song, but neither driver nor horses could be seen, although the sounds passed close by. The songs and the bells were heard only at night.

There was one man who had been his friend, who sang the same songs for a time after Yahula had disappeared, but he died suddenly, and then the Cherokee were afraid to sing these songs any more until it was so long since anyone had heard the sounds on the mountain that they thought Yahula must be gone away, perhaps to the West, where others of the tribe had already gone. It is so long ago now that even the stone house may have been destroyed by this time, but more than one old man's father saw it and heard the songs and the bell, a hundred years ago. When the Cherokee, went from Georgia to Indian Territory in 1838 some of them said, "Maybe Yahula has gone there and we shall hear him," but they have never heard him again.
From Blue Panther Keeper of Stories

LACTOMANGULATION (lak'to man gyu lay' shun) n. Manhandling the "open here" spout on a milk container so badly that one has to resort to the "illegal" side.

U.S. Senate Want Choctaw Tribal Records
Choctaw Chief Implicated

[PHILADELPHIA, MS] Lobbyist Jack Abramoff's lobbying skills and Capitol Hill connections didn't come cheap for Mississippi's Choctaws and three other tribes, including the Coushatta Tribe of Louisiana. The Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians, the Coushattas and two other tribes each paid Abramoff $180,000 a month.  The Choctaws alone paid him $11 million since 1998. Abramoff resigned last month from Miami-based Greenberg Traurig law firm, whose clients include the George W. Bush for President campaign. A statement issued by Greenberg Traurig executive committee member Richard Rosenbaum said that Abramoff ‘disclosed to the firm for the first time personal transactions and related conduct which are unacceptable to the firm.’ Sen. John McCain, R- Ariz., and Sen. Ben Nighthorse Campbell, R-Colo., denounced Abramoff's enormous fees and promised a Senate Indian Affairs Committee investigation. Public documents show Abramoff and his business associate Michael Scanlon were paid $45 million by the four tribes over the past three years. Contrast that to the $3.6 million Walt Disney and $1.7 million Wal-Mart paid in federal lobbying fees over that period.
Lynda Edwards, Associated Press Writer, April 3, 2004. Copyright 2004 The Associated Press & Local Wire.
[Editor's Note:  It is the same Chief of the Mississippi Band of Choctaw who refused to assist Grand Chief Woableza who was badly beaten on the MBC rez.  

Coushatta Controller Warned of $24 Million Spending

[ELTON, LA] The former controller of the Coushatta Tribe of Louisiana alerted tribal leaders that $24 million intended for tribal health care, housing and education had been used to pay for lobbyists, according to a published report. The American Press of Lake Charles reported Wednesday that the May 16, 2003, memo from Erick LaRocque to former tribal council secretary-treasurer Bertney Langley detailed how $32.4 million of tribal funds had been spent on lobbyists from 2001 through April 2003. . . . Coushatta chairman Lovelin Poncho and council member William Worfel have been accused by tribal members of wasting
money on lobbyists and for public relations. Worfel defended the spending, saying the money was used to fight the Jena Band of Choctaws' effort to locate a casino in Vinton, fight the expansion of gambling at racetracks and in Texas, and on negotiations for a state-tribal compact required to operate the casino.
The Associated Press State & Local Wire, April 7, 2004

Workers at Indian Casino in Desert March for Workplace Rights
[PALM SPRINGS, CA]  Workers and activists converged on a casino owned by the wealthy Agua Caliente tribe on Thursday to demand workplace rights and management talks with a union seeking to represent the employees. More than 100 protesters gathered in a downtown church before marching to the Spa 
Resort Casino in downtown Palm Springs. Among them was Dolores Huerta, who helped found the United Farm Workers with Cesar Chavez. Union officials trying to organize the casino workers accused management of a range of discrimination, including sexual harassment, age bias and favoritism. 'This is about stopping the abuse,' said Jennifer Skurnik, organizing director in California for the Hotel Employees and Restaurant Employees International Union. 'We want to appeal to the tribe and to the governor to have these problems resolved.' Ray Brown, a spokesman for the Agua Caliente tribe, denied the allegations.
The tribe abides by state and federal labor laws outlined in its 1995 compact agreement with the state to operate its two casinos, he said." 
Greg Risling, The Associated Press State and Local Wire, April 8, 2004. Copyright 2004 Associated Press.

PHONESIA (fo nee'zhuh) n. The affliction of dialing a phone number and forgetting whom you were calling just as they answer.

Tribal Election Postponed Because of Investigation
[ELTON, LA]  A special election set for May 1 to replace two embattled
leaders of the Coushatta Tribe of Louisiana has been postponed until after a
congressional hearing into spending by the tribe. 'We have decided to
put the May 1 election on hold until after the investigation and hearing have
taken their course,' council member David Sickey said Wednesday. 'We will be
notifying those who qualified last week for the two seats that the election has
been postponed.' The special election concerns a dispute over tribal chairman
Lovelin Poncho and tribal council member William Worfel. Their critics said
both resigned during a heated tribal meeting in February. Poncho and Worfel
have denied resigning. Poncho is still recognized by the federal Bureau
of Indian Affairs as tribal leader."] 
The Associated Press State and Local Wire, April 8, 2004. Copyright 2004 Associated Press.

Aboriginal Health Elective First of its Kind
[TORONTO]  Medical students at Hamilton's McMaster University have  wrapped up the first year of an in-depth course that's being called the first of its kind in Canada.  This past fall, the Ontario university launched a five-month aboriginal health elective, created by both aboriginal and non-aboriginal medical students and faculty, said third-year student Todd Young. . . .The group found about 75 per cent of Canada's medical school programs offered a couple of lectures or
clinical placements, but ''none of them had a formal aboriginal health elective that used all the tools of learning to instruct their medical students,'' he said. . . .Young said the goal of McMaster's aboriginal course is to meet three key needs: ‘'The first need is most importantly to meet the needs of aboriginal people and communities in Canada,' Young said. The second is to fulfil the educational needs of medical students. '’And part of that education is to have the tools to become sensitive, culturally competent health-care providers,’ he said.  Lastly, the course is aimed at meeting the obligation of social accountability to Canada's aboriginal people.”
Neena Chowdhury, The Canadian Press, April 10, 2004. Copyright 2004 Sun Media Corporation  Portage Daily Graphic (Manitoba, Canada).

Cobell Mediators Get The Go-Ahead
[WASHINGTON]  Mediators will get the chance to do what years of litigation have not in the Cobell class action lawsuit over the mismanaged Individual Indian Money accounts.  Attorneys for the plaintiffs and the federal government reached agreement April 2 on two mediators, Judge Charles Renfrew and John Bickerman. Both men are attorneys with broad experience in the federal government and the private sector. . . . One year to the week after the Senate Committee on Indian Affairs urged the litigants to adopt a mediation process, both the SCIA and its counterpart in the House of Representatives, the House Resources Committee, greeted the selection of mediators as a sign of progress in the long-running case. The plaintiffs seek an accounting of the IIM trust, created in the 19th century after Congress divided tribal lands into individual allotments. Income derived from individual Indian land-based assets went into an IIM account for the beneficiary in what should have been a fairly straightforward transaction. But the Indian beneficiaries were cut out of managing the assets, and full public accountability for the financial management of the trust didn’t even begin to get a hearing until the late 1970s. Plaintiffs and Interior have been far apart on how much is missing from the accounts, though at the end of last year $13 billion emerged as a figure they could begin to negotiate from.
Jerry Reynolds, Indian Country Today, April 9, 2004.

PUPKUS (pup'kus) n. The moist residue left on a window after a dog presses its nose to it.

Omaha, Winnebago Tribes Seek Recalls
[WALTHILL, NEB]  Officials with the Winnebago and Omaha tribes, who have accused the Thurston County attorney and sheriff of being hostile to the tribes, said they will seek to recall the two county officials. County Attorney Albert Maul and Sheriff Chuck Obermeyer have taken calculated steps to diminish the tribes' reservations in northeast Nebraska, said Darren Wolfe, a spokesman for the Omaha Tribe. The tribes must gather enough signatures from county residents to force any recall elections. Both county officials 'have become increasingly hostile towards the two native tribes, a new release issued by the tribes Monday said.
The Associated Pres State and Local Wire, March 23, 2004. Copyright 2004 Associated Press.

US Wants International Ruling on American Indians Kept Secret
[PHOENIX, AZ]  The United States is attempting to keep secret an international ruling that affects American Indians and property rights. The ruling, in the case
of the Western Shoshone, calls for a review of all U.S. law and policy regarding indigenous peoples and in particular the right to property.   On Indigenous Peoples Day, Western Shoshone Carrie Dann said, ‘The U.S. was found to be in violation of international law found to be violating our rights to property, to due process and to equality under the law.  They have been told to remedy this situation and to review all law and  policy relating to indigenous peoples in the United States.’ The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, Organization of American States issued its final report in the case of Dann v. U.S. It is the first judicial review of the United States law and policy regarding indigenous peoples within its borders.
Brenda Norrell, Indian Country Today, March 24, 2004. Copyright 2004, Knight Ridder/Tribune Business News.

Nebraska Legislative Bills Propose Alcohol-free Buffer Zone

[LINCOLN, NEB] Legislation in Nebraska has taken a page from the history books and has proposed a no alcohol buffer zone around reservations that prohibits alcohol sales. Two bills, introduced by Sen. Dan Preister may not solve the alcohol problems that have been fought for years on the Pine Ridge Reservation, but may bring about some public awareness of the problem. Preister said he was not hopeful that either of the bills would get out of the General Affairs committee this session, but he was more pleased that debate and media attention to the bills brought the problem before the legislature. . . . The proposed legislation is directed at White Clay, a village of 17 people and four establishments that sell alcohol two miles south of the Pine Ridge Reservation. He said law enforcement is not shutting the establishments down for illegal behavior, nor stopping the consumption of alcohol in public, which is prohibited by Nebraska law.
David Melmer, Indian Country Today, March 26, 2004.

Virginia Recognition Gains Momentum
[WILLIAMSBURG, VA]  Legislation that would grant six Virginia Indian tribes federal recognition might be in limbo, but support for it continues to gain momentum. With less than half the current session of Congress left and no vote for the bills scheduled, six of eight Virginia Indian tribes seeking federal recognition have been approached by organizations and individuals supporting the tribes’ struggle. Historians, researchers, politicians, organizations and religious leaders attended a reception the tribes hosted in March to show their support - some also seek the tribes’ participation in upcoming events. A few members of the 2007 Jamestown Commemoration Commission acknowledged support of federal recognition, even though the commission as a whole hasn’t done so. But it is the commission’s upcoming event, the observance of the founding of Jamestown in 1607, and its interest in having Virginia Indians participate in it that has added impetus to pushing the federal recognition bill through Congress. U.S. Sen. George Allen, R-Va., who initiated the bill, wants it passed this year. . . . While some Virginia Indians have balked at participating in any event connected to the Jamestown 2007 Commemoration, especially since its founding marked the end for many tribes, others say Jamestown wouldn’t have survived without their ancestors’ help. For this reason, they’d like to participate, if they’re federally recognized.
Bobbie Whitehead, Indian Country Today, March 26, 2004.

TELECRASTINATION (tel e kras tin ay' shun) n. The act of always letting the phone ring at least twice before you pick it up, even when you're only six inches away

Cayuga Indians Ask Court to Boost Land Claim Award
[NEW YORK. NY]  A lawyer for the Cayuga Indians asked a Manhattan appeals court to boost the tribes' land claim award from $247.9 million to $1.7 billion - a total adding two centuries worth of interest - in a dispute with the state. ‘The interest that should have been paid to the Cayugas was a fair number,’ Martin Gold, an attorney for the Cayuga Indian Nation of New York, told the U.S. 2nd Circuit Court of Appeals. The three-judge panel reserved decision on an appeal of a ruling by U.S. District Judge Neal McCurn that validated the Cayugas claim to 64,000 acres in Cayuga and Seneca counties, in central New York, and that entitled them to damages. A jury awarded $36.9 million to the Cayugas and the Seneca-Cayuga Tribe of Oklahoma in 2000 for the land's current worth and the loss of two centuries of fair market rental value. McCurn added $211 million in interest in 2001, despite arguments by the tribe that it was owed far more prejudgement interest’ dating to the 1790s.”
Tom Hays, The Associated Press State & Local Wire, March 31, 2004.

Quotas Would end British Columbia's 'Race for Salmon’
[VANCOVER]  Commercial salmon fishermen are bracing themselves for the biggest changes to sweep their fleet since British Columbia joined Confederation in 1871. A report to be submitted to the federal and provincial governments is widely expected to recommend an end to the ‘race for salmon’ that has marked the commercial fishery since its inception. In its place, a report by co-authors Peter Pearse and Don McRae is expected to recommend that individual fishermen be issued quotas -- a system that has proven effective in other fisheries but effectively privatizes this controversial public resource. The report is also expected to recommend the removal, in perpetuity, of a portion of the commercial salmon harvest in order to settle treaties with First Nations. . . . The failure to settle aboriginal land claims and the turbulence around the salmon fishery have chafed Pearse throughout his career -- primarily as a professor of economics at the University of British Columbia and later as a consultant who addressed resource issues at home and as far away as New Zealand. He'd like to see both issues resolved, forever.
Scott Simpson, Vancouver Sun, April 2, 2004, Pg. A1. Copyright 2004 CanWest Interactive, a division of CanWest Global Communications Corp. All Rights Reserved The Vancouver Sun (British Columbia).

Essence of Woman

By Penny Hayes
Inside me abides that woman.
A woman strong  in her essence.
A woman full of presence
A woman born from the loins
of generations of women,
she carries the instinct
to mother herself well.
She cradles her fearful child
Tells stories to her lost child.
Encourages her doubting child.
Sees the beauty in her inner child
in all her moods.
Finds out what she needs
and gives it wholeheartedly to her.
Then as mother and child thrive,
the essence of woman uprises,
upwelling into the whole world,
carrying with it the feminine principles;
the power of gentleness,
the strength of yielding,
the fortitude of vulnerability,
the patience of truth
and the compassion of love.
I am that woman
And so are you.
Lynn Smith, Autrailian Manataka Correspondent

PEPPIER (pehp ee ay') n. The waiter at a fancy restaurant whose sole purpose seems to be walking around asking dinners if they want ground pepper.


Evette Tubby - Mississippi: sister of Robert Woableza LaBatte has serious health problems and needs financial help to travel to South Dakota to get medical care.  

Joanna Clark - Texas: Letting you know that Kevin would appreciate your prayers and kind thoughts right now. Freshman year at Tx Tech just got tougher when he got beaten and robbed while leaving a party. He has no vision in his right eye and the bones are crushed. He has severe headaches, stutters, loss of short term memory yet is attending class when he's not at the hospital for checkups and tests. His spirit is remarkable. He was teasing me "There goes the Abercrombie and Fitch contract." He is determined to get well enough for reconstructive surgery. If his double vision doesn't clear up, they'll go in and clear the bone fragments and drain the hemorrhage site. Kevin has specifically asked that we pray for him. He is a young man of very strong faith, so I am asking for your help. Other students have come to his aid with offers of rides, study help and prayer groups. Please join us and them. Thank you, Joanna
Frances McAdams:  Hospitalized with cancer.

Alida Baker:  Mother of EagleStar.  Recent illness.
Larry Zink Hota Irons - Michigan:  Diagnosed with cancer. 
Sharon Kamama Baugh - Arkansas:  Diagnosed with cancer. 

Sara Jane Cook:  Sister of Joe Burton.  Brain Tumor.

Mother of Charles Lone Wolf Black:  Diagnosed with cancer.

Hayes Family - Arkansas: Four members of the Hayes family of Monticello were seriously injured in a head-on collision Friday, March 5 by a drunk driver.  Billy Hayes has numerous broken bones and internal injuries; Haley Hayes has head and liver injuries and two broken legs; Shelby Lynn (14 mos.) is scheduled to have surgery to place a plate in her neck or a halo brace inserted to correct neck and back injuries; Nathan (2 mos.) escaped serious injury but has a bump on his chin.  This family was featured under 'New Born Manataka Members" with the grandmother, Marsha Pierce in last month's Smoke Signal newsletter.  Please pray for this beautiful family.  The drunk driver sustained minor injuries. 

Prairie Mary Scriver
This is entirely unscholarly, but it is interesting to note that the school colors for Browning, Montana, the headquarters for the Blackfeet Reservation, are red and black. In the Seventies it was the custom for everyone to wear red and black on "game days," and we all accumulated
wardrobes in those colors. It has an emotional impact for people in this place. Who knows how far back the roots go? "Dark" or black is "Sik" and many words have that particle in them. The name for Blackfeet "in" Blackfeet is Siksika.
Christopher L. Miller wrote: I can only conjecture why moieties would not be symbolized using white; my guess, offhand, would be that white and variants of white generally symbolized ethereal things.

Red and white are used to mark a similar distinction among Southeastern tribes. Towns and clans were described as either red or white. All towns had red and white leaders; white chiefs handled civic affairs; the red leader or "great warrior" commanded the town's warriors during wartime. Ball games were always played between towns "of opposite fire," i.e. opposite
For a regional overview see "Dual Organization", pp. 234-239, in  Charles S. Hudson,  The Southeastern Indians, Univ. of Tennessee Press, 1976. Rob Collins Birmingham, AL

MAY 2-5
OR CALL 928-646-3000


Wahinkpe Topa:


Say `NO MORE!!'  

To Laws That Hurt Our Children

In 1892, Captain Richard C. Pratt, the founder of Carlisle Indian School, presented a paper in which he said, "A great general has said that the only good Indian is a dead one…  In a sense, I agree with the sentiment, but only in this:  that all the Indian there is in the race should be dead.   Kill the Indian in him and the save the man.”  From that day forward schools were used instead of guns to end "the Indian problem."

George W. Bush's No Child Left Behind (NCLB) law continues the violence against Indian children in ways more subtle than those of the boarding schools, but in ways that are equally wrong. These laws that label schools and children as "failing," and force teachers to ignore the true ways of teaching and learning, are part of a plan to assure that class systems in the U.S. remain unchallenged and that democratic ideals will be replaced with authoritarianism.


We say we love our children, that they are sacred. If so, why do we continue to allow our schools to implement this law in spite of the fact that most respected education associations agree that the law hurts children, especially children of color? For example, the largest educational group in the country, the American Education Research Association has taken a stand against high stakes testing, saying, "Decisions that affect individual students' life chances or educational opportunities should not be made on the basis of test scores alone." The American Evaluation Association has taken even a stronger position, saying that "high stakes testing leads to under-serving or mis-serving all students, especially the most needy and vulnerable, thereby violating the principle of "do no harm." The American Evaluation Association opposes the use of tests as the sole or primary criterion for making decisions with serious negative consequences for students, educators, and schools."


To judge schools and children exclusively by a single test result with tests that are aligned with white, middle-class values, is to miss much of what matters in education. Relying on proficiency benchmarks as the law does makes things even worse. NCLB requires that every public-school child in grades three through eight be tested annually in reading and math. The law requires every school to report the percentage at each grade level who achieve proficiency and, separately, the percentage of each racial and ethnic minority group and the percentage of low-income children who achieve it. If schools fail at this, they are labeled as failing, given time to correct the failing, then subjected to serious penalties if the failing status continues.

All of this gets what education should be about all wrong. It causes teachers to all but ignore art, music, critical thinking, creative autonomy and social/environmental justice. In many states, the tests themselves are flawed. The pressure on children and parents "not to fail" is creating serious issues in self-esteem, a problem already serious in Indian country.

Many educators outside Indian country feel NCLB does violence to children, especially those in minority populations, but they have little options but to say "no" and risk getting fired. Educators and parents in Indian country have an advantage. We have sovereignty.


Consider that Title VII, the American Indian, Native Hawaiian and Alaska Native Education Act that is inserted into NCLB clearly states: "It is the purpose of this part to support the efforts of local educational agencies, Indian tribes and organizations … and other entitles to meet the unique educational and culturally related academic needs of American Indians and Alaskan Natives so that such students can meet the same challenging State student academic achievement standards as all other students are expected to meet."


Section 7114 (c) (4) goes on to say that LNCB "will not diminish availability of culturally related activities."


Labeling schools and children as "low performing," putting them at risk for take over, forcing them to adopt a curriculum that is not culturally related, and allow Indian and non-Indian educators who have been propagandized to reproduce a system of thinking about the world that is harmful to everything does diminish culturally related activities.

So what are we waiting for? The gross under funding of NCLB also means that the U.S. government does not have the resources to "take over" all of our Indian schools if we stand together and all "say no." We have research on our side. We have the language of the law itself on our side. More importantly, we have our cultural worldviews about the sacredness of our children and the traditional approaches to teaching and learning on our side.

A little known clause in NCLB forces schools to release student names to military recruiters. Those with the lowest test scores often become front line casualties in illegal, immoral wars. This is another reason to say no to these laws. If we do, no one can say truly we do so to avoid honorable military duty. During the Vietnam War, nearly 99 percent of the 86,000 Indians who enlisted volunteered, giving American Indians the highest record of service per capita of any ethnic group, and over half served in combat.

But if we still have the courage to fight for what is right, then Indian people, who are still here against all odds, in spite of Captain Pratt's and George Bush's educational agenda, are still here. It is time for us to use this courage and warrior spirit for our children. This is a great chance for us to exercise our sovereign rights, for the sake of our children, for the sake of all of our futures. It is time for Indian country to take the lead.


Formerly Dean of Education at Oglala Lakota College, Wahinkpe Topa (Four Arrows -

also known as Don Trent Jacobs, Ph.D., Ed.D.) is an associate professor in Education

Leadership at Northern Arizona University and a faculty member at Fielding Graduate

Institute's College for Educational Leadership and Change. His articles and books

on behalf of indigenous peoples can be viewed at His

forthcoming book, "Indigenous Worldviews: First Nation Scholars Challenge Anti-`Indian'

Hegemony", includes contributions from Vine Deloria Jr., Greg Cajeti and others who

also believe that it is past time for us to take a stand.


A Sioux Prayer

Translated by Chief Yellow Lark -1887

Oh, Great Spirit, whose voice I hear in the winds
Whose breath gives life to the world, hear me
I come to you as one of your many children
I am small and weak
I need your strength and wisdom

May I walk in beauty
Make my eyes ever behold the red and purple sunset.
Make my hands respect the things you have made
And my ears sharp to your voice.
Make me wise so that I may know the things you have taught your children.


From: Little Bird

7,500 Wolves Killed & Counting!

Stop the Slaughter!
Dear Friends,
I have just read and signed the petition:

Alaska Governor Murkowski's reinstatement of aerial wolf hunting in
Alaska means heightened slaughter in a state that already provides
virtually no protection for wolves. Hunting and trapping have already
annihilated more than 7,000 wolves between 1996 and 2002 - and
possibly even twice that number if unreported harvests are accounted
for.   Nearly 7,500 wolves have been killed in just the past five years!

Land and shoot hunting, when hunters in airplanes chase wolves
to the point of exhaustion and then shoot them when they are too tired
to escape, threatens wolves even more. It is unconscionable that
Alaska's government has assured the senseless and easy murder of
perhaps thousands more wolves.

Land and shoot laws are an obvious move to mollify disgruntled
hunting interests which claim wolves are reducing moose and
caribou herds. Never mind the facts, that larger prey species elude
wolves up to 97 per cent of the time and that wolves, by removing
the sick, weak, inferior and old members of their prey species,
actually strengthen those gene pools.

This new, heightened slaughter of wolves via aerial methods is a
sickening return to the senseless, barbaric practices begun in Alaska
prior to statehood and continued thereafter, this time with Governor
Murkowski's blessing. It is time for the governor to do the right
thing - stop the slaughter.


As in years past, the National Park Service and the Montana Department of Livestock have brutally rounded up and killed scores of Yellowstone buffalo this winter as they roamed near the northern boundary of the park in search of food. Despite a strong public outcry, the agencies have shot dead or sent to slaughter more than 2,500 buffalo over the past decade -- including more than 250 in recent weeks -- purportedly to prevent the spread of brucellosis from buffalo to cattle. But there is no evidence that Yellowstone buffalo have ever transmitted the disease to livestock.
With federal and Montana state officials unwilling to change their policy, legislation to protect Yellowstone's buffalo herd is essential to saving this remnant of America's wild heritage. A bipartisan bill, recently introduced in the House of Representatives, would create a three-year moratorium on the capture and killing of Yellowstone buffalo and provide the herd with additional winter habitat on public lands adjacent to the park.
SAVE YELLOWSTONE BUFFALO: Tell Congress to support the Yellowstone Buffalo 
Preservation Act.
Taking part in an Earth Day event this year? NRDC can provide handouts, including BioGems bookmarks, environmental guides and Nature's Voice. To request materials, email us at Be sure to add Earth Day in the subject line and include your name, email address and mailing address. Quantities are limited.
See the timeline of victories we've won at

Dear Mr. DeVries:
It has come to the attention of the Department of Environmental Quality that there has been recent unauthorized activity on the above referenced parcel of property. You have been certified as the legal landowner and/or contractor who did the following unauthorized activity:

Construction and maintenance of two wood debris dams across the outlet stream of Spring Pond. A permit must be issued prior to the start of this type of activity.
A review of the Department's files shows that no permits have been issued. Therefore, the Department has determined that this activity is in violation Part 301, inland Lakes and streams, of the Natural Resource and Environmental Protection Act, Act 451 of the Public Acts of 1994, being sections 324.30101 to 324.30113 of the Michigan Compiled Laws, annotated.
The Department has been informed that one or both of the dams partially failed during a recent rain event, causing debris and flooding at downstream locations. We find that dams of this nature are inherently hazardous and cannot be permitted.
The Department therefore orders you to cease and desist all activities at this location, and to restore the stream to a free-flow condition by removing all wood and brush forming the dams from the stream channel. All restoration work shall be completed no later than July 31, 2004. Please notify this office when the restoration has been completed so that a follow-up site inspection may be scheduled by our staff.
Failure to comply with this request or any further unauthorized activity on the site may result in this case being referred for elevated enforcement action. We anticipate and would appreciate your full cooperation in  this matter.  Please feel free to contact me at this office if you have any questions.
David L. Price
District Representative Land and Water
Management Division

Dear Mr. Price:
Your certified letter dated 12/17/02 has been handed to me to respond to.  I am the legal landowner but not the Contractor at 2088 Dagget, Pierson, Michigan. A couple of beavers are in the (State unauthorized) process of constructing and maintaining two wood "debris" dams across the outlet stream of my Spring Pond. While I did not pay for, authorize, nor supervise their dam project, I think they would be highly offended that you call their skillful use of nature's building materials "debris." 
I would like to challenge your department to attempt to emulate their dam project any time and/or any place you choose. I believe I can safely state there is no way you could ever match their dam skills, their dam resourcefulness, their dam ingenuity, their dam persistence, their dam determination and/or their dam work ethic.
As to your request, I do not think the beavers are aware that they must first fill out a dam permit prior to the start of this type of dam activity.
My first dam question to you is:
(1) Are you trying to discriminate against my Spring Pond Beavers or (2) do you require all beavers throughout this state to conform to said dam request?
If you are not discriminating against these particular beavers, through the Freedom of Information Act, I request completed copies of all those other applicable beaver dam permits that have been issued. Perhaps we will see if there really is a dam violation of Part 301, Inland Lakes and Streams, of the Natural Resource and environmental Protection Act, Act 451 of the Public Acts of 1994, being sections 324.30101 to 324.30113 of  the Michigan Compiled Laws, annotated.
 I have several concerns. My first concern is, aren't the beavers entitled to legal representation? The Spring Pond Beavers are financially destitute and are unable to pay for said representation, so the State will have to provide them with a dam lawyer. The department's dam concern that either one or both of the dams failed during a recent rain event causing flooding is proof that this is natural occurrence, which the Department is required to protect. In other words, we should  leave the Spring Pond Beavers alone rather than harassing them and calling their dam names. If you want the stream restored" to a dam free-flow condition please contact the beavers, but if you are going to arrest  them, they obviously did not pay any attention to your dam letter ... they being unable to read English.
In my humble opinion, the Spring Pond Beavers have a right to build their unauthorized dams as long as the sky is blue, the grass is green and water flows downstream. They have  more dam rights than I do to live and enjoy Spring Pond.
If the Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection lives up to its name, it should protect the natural resources (Beavers) and the environment (Beavers' Dams). So, as far as the beavers and I are concerned, this dam case can be referred for more elevated enforcement action right now.  The Spring Pond Beavers may be under the dam ice then and there will be no way for you or your dam staff to contact/harass them then.
 In conclusion,I would like to bring to your attention to a real environmental quality (health) problem in the area. It is the bears!  Bears are actually defecating in our woods. I definitely believe you should be persecuting the defecating bears and leave the beavers alone. If you are going to investigate the beaver dam, watch your step! (The bears are not careful where they dump!) Being unable to comply with your dam request, and being unable to contact you on  your dam answering machine, I am sending this response to your dam office.
Thank You,
Ryan DeVries & The Dam Beavers

Now is a good time to support the many programs, services and events of MAIC.  We can always use a small donation. Now you can pay by check or credit card online. It's easy, secure and fast!  

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1. Reams of ink jet paper
2. Postage stamps
3. 15 - 20 gallon plastic storage boxes with lids

LAND - Donate land to be used as financing leverage for the Manataka American Indian Village.  Any size or location is acceptable. Certain tax benefits may apply.

When a friend or relative passes, honor their memory and send a tax deductible contribution to MAIC and we will send the family in your name a beautiful letter and memorial certificate.

Powwow Scam Artist:




Steve Corbae is a food vendor who uses the name Mountain River Concessions to sell "buffalo" burgers and other food. He contacted me about setting up a booth at the 16th Annual Natchez Powwow. I gave him the benefit of a doubt and allowed him to set up without sending in his trader fee ahead of time. As soon as he arrived he became very difficult and demanding. He sold food for two full days (we had perfect weather and big crowds). I allowed him to pay on Saturday evening with a personal check for $195. I even agreed to hold the check for a few days before cashing it. Later the bank called me to report that he had stopped payment on the check as soon as he left Natchez . I had to reimburse the bank the full amount. I thought maybe that he had just been short on funds, so I called him to check on the situation and he confirmed that he had just decided to stop payment. He then hung up on me and would not talk or offer an explanation.

He had sold a lot of food at the powwow and had done very well. The small fee that I charge vendors helps to cover the travel expenses of the head staff and the singers. The gate fee helps to cover the lodging expenses for the head staff. This is definitely not a money making powwow for me. In fact, my family and I sponsor the dance every year at great personal financial cost. His behavior is an insult to singers and dancers in the Native American tradition.

I just want to warn anyone who might be involved with organizing powwows to beware of Steve Corbae with Mountain River Concession out of Melbourne , Florida . He is a very difficult person to work with and apparently to top it off he is a big cheat. He is not a friend of anyone on the "Powwow Trail". If you would like to contact him to voice any complaints, his phone number is 321-427-3642 and his mailing address is PO Box 360692 Melbourne , FL 32926 .   Please spread the word.


Chuck Borum, Natchez Powwow Chairman




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Learn the Tsalagi language the easy way...  The See, Say, Write method works!

Cassette Tape and 211 page Book are designed to have you speaking Cherokee quickly and easily.

Reserve your set of Chief Jim Gray Wolf Hensonąs Cherokee language tapes and book today!  Price is only $40 - much less than nationally advertised language sets.

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Manataka American Indian Council
PO Box 476
Hot Springs, AR 71902-0476


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