Manataka American Indian Council                                                              Volume XIII  Issue 11 NOVEMBER 2009


 

 

SMOKE SIGNAL NEWS

Manataka - Preserving The Past Today For Tomorrow

 

 

 

NOVEMBER Issue

Page 1 of 3 Pages

 

AMERICAN INDIAN

 HERITAGE MONTH

THANKS GIVING IS

EVERY DAY OF THE YEAR

 


 

 

 

Contents:              

 

Contents of Page 1              

Special Recognition:   American Indian Heritage Month
Elders Meditation: Dr. A.C. Ross (Ehanamani), Lakota
Editorial:   Sweat Lodge Deaths - Greed and Ignorance
Upcoming Events:

Gatherings, Meetings, Conventions,

2009 Powwow Now Calendar

Reflections Manataka Oz Gathering 

Feature Story 1:  

The REAL Story of Thanksgiving

Introduction for Teachers

Truth of the Plymouth Thanksgiving Told

Feature Story 2:

The Shores Within - Chapter 7 - Creating
Ecological Notes: Senate Must Fix Biofuels Mistake

Grandfather King Coke Speaks:

Using Meditation to Control Emotions - Part II
Mother Earth Watch: Shedding Light on Sunscreens
Tribal News: A Senate approves apology to Natives
Education: Teaching About American Indians
Inspiration Thoughts:   You can tell more about a person
Website Updates:   22 New Stories In October

Contents of Page 2              

Legends of Old: Fish Dog Skins
Feature Story 3: 11th Annual Native American Music Awards

Letters to the Editor:

Keep the Faith Manataka
Organic Consumers: Vanishing of the Bees
Elder's Meditations: Rolling Thunder, Cherokee
Plant Medicine: Stressed to be Sick
Fluoride: Mercury Fillings Shattered! Conspiracy to Poison Children
Animal Rights and Wrongs: A

Rambo the Sheep:  My Greatest Teacher

Sacred Sites: Goodbye Indian Mounds, Hello Sam’s Club

Contents of Page 3

History: Do you know American’s original people?

Grandmother L. Cota Nupah Makah Speaks:

Grandmother Magdala Rameriz:

The Traveling People

The Girl with the Golden Wings

Feature Story 4::

Native Against Native Racism
Elder's Meditations: Mary Leitka, Hoh
Women's Circle: For Those Who Were Indian In A Former Life
Food & Nutrition: November Harvest Feast
Book Reviews: Four Gospels Selected Psalms In Cherokee
Poetry Circle:

Sense Of Spirit By Dave Hagstrom

Spirit Riders By Theolinda M. Foster

Healing Prayer Basket: Prayer Is A Two-Way Communication
Manataka  Business: Elder Council Members and Committees

 


 

Special Recognition:

American Indian Heritage Month

 

November is National American Indian Heritage Month.
The Creation of American Indian Heritage Month
By Dr. Arthur C. Parker

 

What started at the turn of the century as an effort to gain a day of recognition for the significant contributions the first Americans made to the establishment and growth of the U.S., has resulted in a whole month being designated for that purpose.

 

Dr. Arthur C. Parker

Early Proponents: One of the very proponents of an American Indian Day was Dr. Arthur C. Parker, a Seneca Indian, who was the director of the Museum of Arts and Science in Rochester, N.Y. He persuaded the Boy Scouts of America to set aside a day for the "First Americans" and for three years they adopted such a day. In 1915, the annual Congress of the American Indian Association meeting in Lawrence, Kans., formally approved a plan concerning American Indian Day.

 

It directed its president, Rev. Sherman Coolidge, an Arapahoe, to call upon the country to observe such a day. Coolidge issued a proclamation on Sept. 28, 1915, which declared the second Saturday of each May as an American Indian Day and contained the first formal appeal for recognition of Indians as citizens.

 

The year before this proclamation was issued, Red Fox James, a Blackfoot Indian, rode horseback from state to state seeking approval for a day to honor Indians. On December 14, 1915, he presented the endorsements of 24 state governments at the White House. There is no record, however, of such a national day being proclaimed.

 

State Celebrations: The first American Indian Day in a state was declared on the second Saturday in May 1916 by the governor of N.Y. Several states celebrate the fourth Friday in September. In Illinois, for example, legislators enacted such a day in 1919. Presently, several states have designated Columbus Day as Native American Day, but it continues to be a day we observe without any recognition as a national legal holiday.

 

Heritage Months: In 1990 President George H. W. Bush approved a joint resolution designating November 1990 "National American Indian Heritage Month." Similar proclamations have been issued each year since 1994.The theme for 2005 is: "Respecting Tradition, Embracing a Healthy Future"
http://www.ihs.gov/PublicInfo/PublicAffairs/Director/2005_Statements/2005-Heritage-Month-Speech.pdf
 

Source: U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs (From http://www.ihs.gov/)

 


 

ELDER MEDITATION

 

"When temptation comes, I don't say, 'Yes, and I don't say, 'No.'  I say, 'Later.'  I just keep walking the Red Road - down the middle. When you're in the middle, you don't go to either extreme. You allow both sides to exist." -Dr. A.C. Ross (Ehanamani), Lakota

 

We need to practice controlling our focus.  Whatever we focus on we become. We also become whatever we practice. We need to focus on balance.  Whenever something comes along to tilt us off balance, we need to be grateful, because it allows the opportunity to practice our focus. Sometimes this is called temptation. Temptation in itself is not bad.  What really counts is what we do with it when it happens. We need to practice controlling our focus and keeping and thinking focused on the Red Road.

 

Great Spirit,

today, guide me through my temptations

and allow me to focus on the

Red Road.

http://www.whitebison.org

By Don Coyhis

 


 

UPCOMING EVENTS

 

Gatherings, Meetings, Conventions, Seminars  

 

2009 Powwow Now Calendar

 


 

Reflections of the Manataka in Australia Spiritual Gathering

.. Sept 26 – 28th Sept, 2009

by Lynn Dream Dancer Guy

 

E-lo-hi-no do-hi-yi ge-se-s-ti [peace on earth] beautiful folk who make up my/our sacred Manataka family all across Mother Earth .. it’s now a month since we had our first ever Manataka Gathering in Australia and I’m not sure where to begin to share with you about the wealth of our experiences and how this event unfolded.

 

I would like to thank the Creator and Rainbow Woman for blessing us and allowing us to hold this Gathering and for watching over us and guiding us along the Visioning how it may look and unfold.

 

I would also like to extend my heartfelt gratitude to Grandfather Lee Standing Bear Moore and all the Elders of Manataka for their permission and support for us to hold this event – the first time that a Manataka event has been held outside Turtle Island .. it was an honour, a joy and one huge learning/growing experience. I would also like to thank Amanda Morning Star Moore who accompanied her father, Standing Bear, to Australia to lead and assist us with our first Gathering. She is truly one of the most delightful and heart-centered folk I have ever met and worked with…. Like her father she gave of herself tirelessly to our Aussie Manataka family. And I must not forget to thank Becky Flaming Owl Moore who graciously allowed us to hug her family close to our hearts whilst she kept things going back home in Hot Springs! To all in the Manataka Women’s Drumming Circle who joined us along the energy lines in prayer song and drum over the Gathering .. we felt you, we heard you and we thank you too for your light and your love as we grew through our individual and collective experiences.

 

Perhaps my story should start at the beginning so let us try that .. since I was a little child rainbows have delighted and captivated me. They have uplifted my spirits and taught me how to be in my heart, how to see through the eyes of a child even in to my mid 50’s where I sit now on the sacred wheel of life...

 

READ MORE>>>

 

 


 

Editorial Comment

by Takatoka and Friends

 

 

Sweat Lodge Deaths Attributed to Greed and Ignorance

 

 

What Happened

You may have already heard about the tragic October 8 deaths of three people at a so-called "sweat lodge" at the Angle Valley Spiritual Retreat Center near Sedona, Arizona operated by the self-improvement guru James Arthur Ray. 

 

According to news reports, about 60 people were crowded into a makeshift 415-square-foot sweat lodge, as part of a "Spiritual Warrior" retreat. Participants paid $9,695 each for a series of exercises, seminars and American Indian ceremonies.   Ray has been selling American Indian ceremonies for at least seven years, according to the owner of Angel Valley Spiritual Retreat who annually rent their property to him, “tee pees” included.

 

Another similar incident occurred in mid-October 2005 when several people became violently ill during one of Ray's retreats.  People suffered from burns and others were found lying on the ground unconscious and two others suffered cardiac arrest.  The owner the retreat and participants in the October tragedy said they were not aware of the 2005 incident and James Ray is not talking -- some brave warrior he is.  

 

The local law enforcement agency probing the deaths of three people, says it is now treating the case as a homicide investigation.   Yavapai County Sheriff Steve Waugh said his office is focusing the inquiry on James Arthur Ray and anyone else involved in organizing the ceremony.   Ray immediately fled the scene and left the state and is refusing to speak with detectives  -- that really says a lot about his character.

 

Kirby Anne Brown, 38, of Westtown, N.Y., James Scott Shore, 40, of Milwaukee, and Minnesota resident Lizabeth Neuman, 49, died and at least twenty people were treated for illness and injury at the hands of a greedy, ego-maniac who misappropriated American Indian ceremonies.  Funerals are being arranged while Ray continues ranking in money on his speaking circuit. 

 

American Indians are Appalled by Commercialization of Spiritual Ceremonies

Chief Arvol Looking Horse, 19th Generation Keeper of the Sacred White Buffalo Calf Pipe Bundle, said in a lengthy statement, "As Keeper of our Sacred White Buffalo Calf Pipe Bundle, I am concerned for the [three] deaths and illnesses of the many people that participated in a sweat lodge in Sedona, Arizona that brought our sacred rite under fire in the news. I would like to clarify that this lodge and many others, are not our ceremonial way of life, because of the way they are being conducted. My prayers go out for their families and loved ones for their loss... What has happened in the news with the make shift sauna called the sweat lodge is not our ceremonial way of life!..." 

 

READ MORE>>>

 

 


 

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FEATURE I

 

THE 

REAL  

STORY OF THANKSGIVING

by Susan Bates

 

Most of us associate the holiday with happy Pilgrims and Indians sitting down to a big feast.  And that did happen - once. 

The story began in 1614 when a band of English explorers sailed home to  England with a ship full of Patuxet Indians bound for slavery. They left behind smallpox which virtually wiped out those who had escaped.  By the time the Pilgrims arrived in Massachusetts Bay they found only one living Patuxet Indian, a man named Squanto who had survived slavery in England and knew their language.  He taught them to grow corn and to fish, and negotiated a peace treaty between the Pilgrims and the Wampanoag Nation. At the end of their first year, the Pilgrims held a great feast honoring Squanto and the Wampanoags. 

But as word spread in England about the paradise to be found in the new world, religious zealots called Puritans began arriving by the boat load. Finding no fences around the land, they considered it to be in the public domain. Joined by other British settlers, they seized land, capturing strong young Natives for slaves and killing the rest.  But the Pequot Nation had not agreed to the peace treaty Squanto had negotiated and they fought back. The Pequot War was one of the bloodiest Indian wars ever fought.  

In 1637 near present day  Groton, Connecticut, over 700 men, women and children of the Pequot Tribe had gathered for their annual Green Corn Festival which is our Thanksgiving celebration. In the predawn hours the sleeping Indians were surrounded by English and Dutch mercenaries who ordered them to come outside.  Those who came out were shot or clubbed to death while the terrified women and children who huddled inside the longhouse were burned alive. The next day the governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony declared "A Day Of Thanksgiving" because 700 unarmed men, women and children had been murdered.

Cheered by their "victory", the brave colonists and their Indian allies attacked village after village. Women and children over 14 were sold into slavery while the rest were murdered.  Boats loaded with a many as 500 slaves regularly left the ports of New England. Bounties were paid for Indian scalps to encourage as many deaths as possible.   READ MORE>>>

 

THANKSGIVING STORY FOR TEACHERS
By Chuck Larsen

This is a particularly difficult introduction to write. I have been a public schools teacher for twelve years, and I am also a historian and have written several books on American and Native American history. I also just happen to be Quebeque French, Metis, Ojibwa, and Iroquois. Because my Indian ancestors were on both sides of the struggle between the Puritans and the New England Indians and I am well versed in my cultural heritage and history both as an Anishnabeg (Algokin) and Hodenosione (Iroquois), it was felt that I could bring a unique insight to the project.

For an Indian, who is also a school teacher, Thanksgiving was never an easy holiday for me to deal with in class. I sometimes have felt like I learned too much about "the Pilgrims and the Indians." Every year I have been faced with the professional and moral dilemma of just how to be honest and informative with my children at Thanksgiving without passing on historical distortions, and racial and cultural stereotypes.

The problem is that part of what you and I learned in our own childhood about the "Pilgrims" and "Squanto" and the "First Thanksgiving" is a mixture of both history and myth. But the THEME of Thanksgiving has truth and integrity far above and beyond what we and our forbearers have made of it. Thanksgiving is a bigger concept than just the story of the founding of the Plymouth Plantation. 
READ MORE>>>
 

THE PLYMOUTH THANKSGIVING STORY

By Chuck Larsen


When the Pilgrims crossed the Atlantic Ocean in 1620, they landed on the rocky shores of a territory that was inhabited by the Wampanoag (Wam pa NO ag) Indians. The Wampanoags were part of the Algonkian-speaking peoples, a large group that was part of the Woodland Culture area. These Indians lived in villages along the coast of what is now Massachusetts and Rhode Island. They lived in round- roofed houses called wigwams. These were made of poles covered with flat sheets of elm or birch bark. Wigwams differ in construction from tipis that were used by Indians of the Great Plains.

The Wampanoags moved several times during each year in order to get food. In the spring they would fish in the rivers for salmon and herring. In the planting season they moved to the forest to hunt deer and other animals. After the end of the hunting season people moved inland where there was greater protection from the weather. From December to April they lived on food that they stored during the earlier months.  
READ MORE>>>
 


 

 

WINNER BEST DOCUMENTARY
2008 Big Water Film Festival

 

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Sacred Ceremonies for a Price?

by Takatoka, Manataka Correspondent

 

Grandfather Watches Over Us

We believe American Indian spiritual beliefs and practice cannot be bartered or sold at any price.

 

It costs nothing to enter the Sacred Circle because it does not belong to anyone, it is a gift of the Creator.  There is no admission fee to a Purification Lodge because the messages, visions and teachings of the lodge are not owned by a human, but come directly from the Great Mystery.  There is no monetary price to pay for the honor of going on a Vision Quest because the Spirit of God is there.  When money and greed are present, the Spirit of the Creator is absent and thus there cannot be a Vision.  The spiritual connection has been broken.

 

Several years ago, this Manataka member wrote in the article False Shamans "...Our ceremonies, dances, songs and symbols are sacred.  They must be protected from theft, exploitation and desecration.  We should encourage all people to seek their own ways of spiritual expression, the ways of their ancestors, and not to use American Indian ways to find spirituality within themselves..." 

 

READ MORE >>> 

 


 

 

FEATURE STORY 2

 

 

The Shores Within

By Boe Glasschild

& Laughing Dog Red Feather

 

Free Online Lessons on the Medicine Way

Eight lessons plus a glossary, bibliographic notes and more.

 

The Medicine Way has been exclusively an oral tradition for centuries. Now, Choctaw Spiritual Elder Boe Many Knives Glasschild, Bvshpo Lawa,  puts these teachings in writing for all to read and understand.   This is the fifth installment of ten monthly installments of the book entitled, "The Shores Within" covering the entire book from April to December 2009.  Each chapter contains links to a glossary of definitions to various Medicine Way terminology. 

 

 

 

 


 

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ECOLOGY NOTES:

 

Senate Must Fix Biofuels Mistake
BiofuelsAs the debate over energy and climate change moves to the Senate, corporate agribusiness lobbyists see an opportunity to remove biofuels safeguards.  The Waxman-Markey bill that passed the House in June removed protections from a federal biofuels mandate, allowing the use of biofuels that create more global warming pollution than gasoline.   Last week we asked you to take action and tell your Senators that this is unacceptable, and so far we've sent almost 6,000 letters.  If you haven't yet taken action, please do so now

 

USDA to stop collecting data on pesticide use
The National Agricultural Statistics Service, a division of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), has announced that it will stop collecting data about the amount of pesticide applied to various crops. The program has been the public's only source of reliable data on pesticide and fertilizer use for much of the United States. These data showed that pesticide use in engineered corn, soybeans, and cotton was higher than in conventional varieties, even though the biotech industry claimed that engineered crops would need less pesticide. Without the USDA's data, UCS and other groups will have no way to track this trend into the future and evaluate the biotechnology industry's claims. The Environmental Protection Agency also relies on the data to determine which chemicals should be regulated. In response to the announcement, 44 scientific, environmental, and sustainable farming groups including UCS have asked the USDA's Secretary to reverse the decision.

 

Dirty Coal Lobbyists Caught in Forgery Scandal
Late last month, reports surfaced that a D.C. lobbying firm hired by the coal industry had forged letters to Rep. Tom Perriello (D-Va.) in an attempt to weaken energy legislation. The letters were purportedly from the local NAACP and a local Latino group, but in fact were sent without those groups' knowledge.  Environmental groups demonstrated outside the offices of the firm, Bonner and Associates, to call out the firm's naked fraud.  Environmental champion Rep. Ed Markey (D-Mass.) announced he had launched a congressional investigation into the matter.  Similar forged letters had been sent to two other members of Congress. This shows just how low polluting industries are willing to stoop in their quest to block clean energy.

 

 

 

FUNNY BONES

No offense intended for any individuals or tribes.

 

 

Joined at the tooth
A Sioux woman and her husband interrupted their vacation to go to the dentist.

 

"I want a tooth pulled, and I don't want any pain killers because I'm in a big hurry," the Sioux woman said. "

Just extract the tooth as quickly as possible, and we'll be on our way."

 

The dentist was quite impressed. "You're certainly a courageous woman," he said. "Which tooth is it?"

 

The Sioux woman turned to her husband and said, "Show him your tooth, dear."

 


 

Grandfather Gray Hawk Speaks

 

USING MEDITATION TO CONTROL EMOTIONS

 

Let us start with a quick review, since a little more than two months have passed since I started this subject.  My August writing discussed the fact  our mind has two basic parts. The CONSCIOUS which processes current awareness and makes decisions, makes up only 12% of our mind. The other 88% is called our SUBCONSCIOUS mind. This part contains our memories, habits, beliefs, personality, and self-image. These aspects are often referred to as scripts and conditioning.

 

The subconscious mind is a true storehouse of information. A large problem with the subconscious mind is it takes all information at face value. It does not know the difference between REALITY and IMAGINATION, truth or false information. The value is that we can use this to change our responses to life. It is here where we can change  our lives because there is no distinction here. We will discuss this more later.

 

Emotions are  developed from the combined action of the conscious and the subconscious. Let me give an example. A fellow I knew had his daughters and one of their friends killed in the safety of their home by being shot with a shotgun. The loss of his loved ones by murder caused  deep grief, which festered into anger, then into hate, and finally into wanting revenge.

 

READ MORE>>>

 

 


MOTHER EARTH WATCH

 

Shedding New Light on Nanotechnology in Sunscreens
Our Health and Environment Campaigner Ian Illuminato, along with partners at the International Center for Technology Assessment and the Consumers Union, released another breakthrough report last month on the potential risks involved with using sunscreens made with nanoparticles. Nanomaterials' small size may make them more able to enter lungs, pass through cell membranes, and possibly penetrate damaged or sun-burnt skin. So the question becomes, if there are no advantages in sun protection, why should we accept the unnecessary potential risks to our health and environment? Our government must take action to protect consumers. 

 

EPA to Extending Permits That Will Destroy More Mountains

In September, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) will reviewed 86 new mountaintop removal permits. If approved, these 86 new permits could mean 86 less mountains in Appalachia. That spells disaster as mountaintop removal coal mining has already destroyed 500 mountains, buried 2,000 miles of rivers and streams under rubble and greatly harmed Appalachian communities and culture. If approved, these permits will be devastating for the people and ecosystems of West Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee and other parts of Appalachia and authorize a new round of blasting, flooding, and water contamination.  Over the past month more than 10,000 of you have asked EPA Administrator Lisa Jackson to go to Appalachia and see Big Coal's swath of destruction for herself. Add your name to the petition. Let's end this environmental disaster. The future of 86 Appalachian mountains hang in the balance.

 

Kick the Disposable Battery Habit
Americans buy about three billion household batteries (about 10 per person) annually, according to the Environmental Protection Agency—and nearly all of them end up in landfills. The next time you need to power up your gadgets, choose rechargeable batteries instead. Unlike disposable alkaline batteries, rechargeable batteries can be reused hundreds of times, which not only saves money and resources, but also reduces global warming pollution associated with battery manufacturing and transport. An independent study conducted for battery manufacturer UNIROSS estimates that using a disposable battery to create 1 kilowatt-hour of electricity has a global warming impact equivalent to driving a car 283 miles; using a rechargeable battery is equivalent to driving 10 miles. Rechargeable battery technology continues to evolve, but there are only a few types widely available today.

 


 

 

GRANDFATHER SEVEN HAWK EYES SPEAKS

 

 

 

Grandfather Hawk is a bit slow this month.  Recovering from recent surgery and bouts with arthritis.  We ask for your prayers and good wishes for our most respected and honorable elder.  Let us know if you like his stories -- we will forward your comments to him as a present.  Thank you!

 


 

TRIBAL NEWS

 

Senate approves apology to Natives

By Rob Capriccioso, Indian Country Today

 

WASHINGTON – For the second year in a row, the Senate has voted to apologize to Native Americans for historical injustices.  The apology, known as the Native American Apology Resolution, was attached to a defense appropriations bill, which the congressional body voted on Oct. 6.  The resolution extends a formal apology from the United States to tribal governments and Native American people nationwide. It is aimed at making amends for years of “ill-conceived policies” and acts of violence against Native Americans by U.S. citizens.

It also asks President Barack Obama to “acknowledge the wrongs of the United States against Indian tribes” in order to encourage healing.  The president was asked earlier this year by grassroots groups to apologize specifically for atrocities carried out on Indians who attended boarding schools, often forcibly. 
Obama has not yet said if he will take such action.

 


 

First American Indian female dentist inducted into Michigan Women’s Hall of Fame

 

INTERLOCHEN, Mich. – Jessica A. Rickert became the nation’s first American Indian woman dentist in 1975. Nominated by her brother Levi Rickert in 2008 to the Michigan Women’s Hall of Fame, she will be inducted during a benefit dinner Oct. 21 in East Lansing, along with nine other women being honored for their contributions to society. 

 


 

A Call for Obama to Improve Native Voting Rights

By Rob Capriccioso, Indian Country Today
 

WASHINGTON – Voter rights advocates are calling on the Obama administration’s Justice Department to improve the system for Native Americans. The calls have grown louder since the release of a new report by the American Civil Liberties Union, which concludes that American Indians continue to face discriminatory policies and actions that deny them their constitutional right to vote.  The report, titled “Voting Rights in Indian Country,” provides a historical overview of systemic discrimination against American Indians that has limited their ability to participate in local, state and national elections.  It also highlights ACLU-backed lawsuits challenging unlawful election practices on behalf of Native Americans in Colorado, Montana, Nebraska, South Dakota and Wyoming.

 


 

 


 


 

ATTENTION EDUCATORS:

 

TEACHING ABOUT AMERICAN INDIANS

 

 

Teaching Resources for Educators

Here are resources if you've ever wanted classroom-teaching activities on American Indians beyond the Thanksgiving holiday or the history of American Indian Education or best teaching practices addressing American Indian learners. Resources include books, magazines, articles, bibliographies, maps, etc. Although often times there is overlap, these resources are organized in four categories:

READ MORE >>>

 


 

INSPIRATIONAL THOUGHTS...

 

You can tell more about a person by what he says about others than you can by what others say about him.


How a man plays a game shows something of his character, how he loses shows all of it.
 

A man sees in the world what he carries in his heart.


It was a high counsel that I once heard given to a young person, "Always do what you are afraid to do."

 

~Submitted by Ro Garcia


 

WEBSITE UPDATES

 

NEW ARTICLES IN OCTOBER 2009
Advocates Fight Nevada Wild Horse Roundup    Animal Rights and Wrongs
Dandelion: A Pesky Weed or a Beneficial Flower? by Daniel Hawk Hoffman   Elders Speak
What is Truth? II by Robert Gray Hawk Coke   Elders Speak
It is a time for Dreaming by Cota   Elders Speak
My Beautiful Ones by Magdala Rameriz   Elders Speak
Buying Organic is Well Worth the Cost even When Times are Tough   Environment
Hiawatha Insane Asylum   Feature Story
Celebrate Columbus Day?   Feature Story
Wisdom of the Ancients by Fred Wilcoxson   Feature Story
Native Against Native Racism   Feature Story
Shores Within Lessons - Chapter 6 Knowing by Boe Glasschild   Feature Story
Tap Water vs. Bottled Water: Differences Explained   Health Watch
Herbal Properties and Actions   Herbal Medicine
Little Bighorn Reborn   History
The Untold Story of Benito Gray Horse   History
Children of the Wind   Legends
Keeping Burial Sites Sacred   Sacred Sites
Sacred Ceremonies for a Price?   Spiritual Medicine
Knowing is Remembering, Not Learning by Lee Standing Bear Moore   Spiritual Medicine
Comanche Nation Places Headstones on Unmarked Graves   Tribes and Nations
Apache Women in History    Women's Council
American Indian Foods (AIF)   Women's Council
 

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Forefathers Band - Manataka CD   Speak Cherokee Today!
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